Yakovenko’s Transcendentalism in the Philosophical Context of his Time: Phenomenology and/or Neo-Kantianism

Cover Page

Cite item


The article discusses the work of Boris Valentinovich Yakovenko, one of the most prominent representatives of Russian neo-Kantianism. The philosophy of Yakovenko is analyzed in the context of the German and Russian philosophical traditions of the early twentieth century - phenomenology and neo-Kantianism. Being a supporter of neo-Kantianism, Yakovenko devoted most of his research to questions of cognition . The article examines the foundations of criticism, directed by Yakovenko against modern gnosiological approaches. The unacceptability of these approaches consists in mixing different types of being by Yakovenko. Yakovenko believes that Husserl's phenomenology focuses on the study of the process of psychological cognition, and it is impossible based on subjectivity to achieve objective knowledge. Cohen, in the opinion of Yakovenko, denying the possibility of a pure givenness of sensations, relativizes the very idea of existence, implying only science under it. Yakovenko calls his own ontological attitude transcendental pluralism. Transcendental pluralism recognizes the self-sufficiency and independence of each kind of Being, between which there is no connection. The cognition of this plurality of identities must be non-presumability and absolute and is possible, according to Yakovenko, in a special kind of intuition. This intuition Yakovenko called mystical, however, does not give its detailed description and justification. Nevertheless, an appeal to his philosophy allows us to actualize theoretical-cognitive problems that are of interest to us today: the problem of subjectivity and objectivity, the problem of non-presumability of knowledge, “pure givenness”, transcendence and immanence, the ratio of various types of intuitions in cognition, etc.

About the authors

A. A. Shiyan

Russian State University for the Humanities

Author for correspondence.
Email: annasamoikina@yandex.ru

кандидат философских наук, доцент кафедры истории отечественной философии

Miusskaya sq. 6, GSP-3, Moscow, Russian Federation, 125993


  1. Belov VN. Russian European B.N. Yakovenko. RUDN Jurnal of Philosophy. 2019;23(2):133—144.
  2. Husserl E. Philosophy as a Rigorous Science. In: Edmund Husserl. Selected Works. Moscow; Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House, 2005. P. 187—240. (In Russ.).
  3. Husserl E. The Idea of Phenomenology. St Petersburg: Gumanitarnaya Akademiya Publishing Center; 2006. 224 p. (In Russ.).
  4. Husserl E. Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy: First Book. Moscow: Akademicheskij Projekt; 2009. 489 p.
  5. Husserl E. Logical Investigations. Vol. 2. Moscow: Akademicheskiy Proekt; 2011. 563 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Ermichev AA. On the Neo-Kantian B.V. Yakovenko and His Place in Russian Philosophy. In: BV Yakovenko. Power of Philosophy. St Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 5—42. (In Russ.).
  7. Ingarden P. Einführung in die Phänomenologie Edmund Husserls. Moscow: DIK. 224 p. (In Russ.).
  8. Cohen H. Kants Theorie der Erfahrung. Moscow: Akademicheskiy Proekt; 2012. 618 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Kurennoj VA. The philosophical project “Logos”. In: “Logos” in the history of modern philosophy: a project and a monument. Ed. NS Plotnikov. Moscow: Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House; 2006. P. 13—72. (In Russ.).
  10. Molchanov VI. Studies on the phenomenology of consciousness. Moscow: Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House; 2007. 454 p. (In Russ.).
  11. Nenasheva SA. Transcendental Pluralism of B.V. Yakovenko in the Context of Philosophy of Russian Neo-Kantianism of the Early 20th Century. Diss. Cand. Sc. (Philosophy), 09.00.03 61 98-9/275 — Х. St Petersburg; 1998. 160 p. (In Russ.).
  12. Pankova TYu. B.V. Yakovenko and the Logos magazine. Kant’s collection. 2013;(1): 73—77. (In Russ.).
  13. Letter from E.K. Medtner to A. Belyi dated March 21, 1911. Messenger of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 1994;64(8):784. (In Russ.).
  14. Plotnikov N. (ed.) “Logos” in the history of European philosophy: the project and monument. Moscow: Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House; 2006. 191 p. (In Russ.).
  15. Heinrich R. Die Methode der Philosophie und das Unmittelbare. In: Logos, 1925. Book 1. Prag: Plamja. Reprint. Moscow: Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House, 2005. P. 109—157. (In Russ.).
  16. Rickert H. Values of Life and Cultural Values. In: Logos, 1912—1913. Books 1—2. Moscow: Musaget. Reprinted Edition. Moscow: Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House; 2005. P. 1—35. (In Russ.).
  17. Sapov VV. The Knight of Philosophy. Traits to the Portrait of B.V. Yakovenko. Messenger of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 1994; 64(80):260—271. (In Russ.).
  18. Sesemann V. Platonism, Plotinus, and Modern Times. In: Logos, 1925. Book One. Reprined Edition. Moscow: Territoriya Buduschego Publishing House; 2005. P. 51—107. (In Russ.).
  19. Sokuler ZA. Herman Cohen and the philosophy of dialogue. Moscow: Progress-Tradition; 2008. 312 p. (In Russ.).
  20. Storcheus NV. Historiosophic Ideas of the “Russian Followers of the Baden School” in the Context of Comprehending the History of Russia. Philosophy and Culture. 2014; 12(84):1770—1776. (In Russ.).
  21. Storcheus NV. Mystical Ideas in the Works by the Domestic Representatives of the Baden School of Neo-Kantianism. Politics and Society. 2014;12(120):1604—1610. (In Russ.).
  22. Transcendence. Available from: https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/5609 (Accessed: 09.09.2018). (In Russ.).
  23. Shiyan AA. Transcendence of the World and Transcendence of an Object in Husserl’s Phenomenology. Yearly Publication on Phenomenological Philosophy.; IV. Moscow: RSUH; 2015. P. 243—267. (In Russ.).
  24. Shiyan AA. Transcendence of essences and life-world in Husserl’s phenomenology. History of Philosophy: History or Philosophy? Alyoshin Readings 2015. International Conference Proceedings. Moscow. P. 149—157. (In Russ.).
  25. Shiyan AA. Husserl’s Phenomenology or Realistic Phenomenology. Clarifying Gustav Shpet’s Phenomenological Position. In: G.G. Shpet’s Phenomenological and Ontological Concept and Humanitarian Projects of the 20th and the 21st Centuries. Editor-in-Chief OG Mazaeva. Tomsk: Tomsk University Publishing House; 2015. P. 437—448. (In Russ.).
  26. Shiyan AA. Ontological and Methodological Principles of Edmund Husserl’s Phenomenological Approach. Philosophy. Jounal of the Higher School of Economics. 2017;I (3):63—69. (In Russ.).
  27. Shpet G. Appearance and Sense. Tomsk: Vodoley Publishing Company; 1996, p. 191. (In Russ.).
  28. Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St Petersburg: Nauka, 2000. 974 p. (In Russ.).
  29. Yakovenko BV. On the theoretical philosophy of Hermann Cohen. In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 424—472. (In Russ.).
  30. Yakovenko BV. On Immanent Transcendentism, Transcendent Immanentism, and Dualism in General (The Second, More Specific Introduction to Transcendentalism). In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 164—243. (In Russ.).
  31. Yakovenko BV. The Way of Philosophical Cognition. In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 244—263. (In Russ.).
  32. Yakovenko BV. The Essence of Pluralism. In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 282—292. (In Russ.).
  33. Yakovenko BV. Philosophy of Ed. Husserl. In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 581—627. (In Russ.).
  34. Yakovenko BV. Was ist die transzendentale Methode. In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 45—56.
  35. Yakovenko BV. What is philosophy? (Introduction to Transcendentalism). In: Yakovenko BV. Power of Philosophy. St. Petersburg: Nauka; 2000. P. 91—164. (In Russ.).
  36. Husserl E. Erste Philosophie (1923/4). Zweiter Teil: Theorie der phänomenologischen Reduktion. In: Husserliana VIII. Herausgegeben von Rudolf Boehm. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff; 1959. 594 S. (In German).
  37. Husserl E. Analysen zur passiven Synthesis. Aus Vorlesungs- und Forschungsmanuskripten, 1918—1926. In: Husserliana XI. Herausgegeben von Margot Fleischer. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff; 1966. 437 S. (In German).
  38. Husserl E. Logische Untersuchungen. Zweiter Teil. Untersuchungen zur Phänomenologie und Theorie der Erkenntnis. Zweiter Teil. In: Husserliana XIX/2. Herausgegeben von Ursula Panzer. Halle: 1901; rev. ed. 1922. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff; 1984. 958 S. (In German).
  39. Husserl E. Einleitung in die Logik und Erkenntnistheorie. Vorlesungen 1906/07. In: Husserliana XXIV. Herausgegeben von Ullrich Melle. Den Haag: Martinus Nijhoff; 1985. 553 S. (In German).
  40. Husserl E. Die 'Bernauer Manuskripte' über das Zeitbewußtsein (1917/18). In: Husserliana XXXIII. Herausgegeben von Rudolf Bernet & Dieter Lohmar. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers; 2001. 461 S. (In German).

Copyright (c) 2019 Shiyan A.A.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies