Cover Page

Cite item


The article devotes to the initial stage of I.S. Turgenev’s creativity path, when he intended to devote himself to philosophy. The first part of the historical and philosophical research covers the studentship stage of his life, Turgenev’s involvement to the University course of philosophy primarily in Moscow, then in St. Petersburg universities. Everything happened at Moscow University due to Professor M.G. Pavlov, Shelling’s philosophy follower, who was teaching physics in a philosophical format. He listened course of lectures on metaphysics at St.-Petersburg University, given by A. A. Fisher, who was one of the first who started to teach philosophy in accordance with Uvarov’s ideological triade “Orthodoxy, Autocracy and Nationality”. The second part touches upon the period of education abroad. After he had finished the philological faculty of St.-Petersburg University in 1837, he became convinced that Russian universities could provide only preliminary education and real source of knowledge could be found only abroad; that is why he goes “to finish his education” in Berlin. There he studied ancient languages, history and Hegel’s philosophy under the guidance of Professor Werder. Turgenev also prepared different parts of Shelling’s teaching for publishing in Russian periodic, after famous philosopher had given lectures in University of Berlin. The last part of this article gives a picture of Turgenev attempts to receive masters’ degree and tries to take place at the Department of Philosophy. At the beginning of 1842, after presenting the diploma of candidate, granted by St.-Petersburg University, he asked Moscow University Council to give him a permission to receive the masters’ degree; his utter motive was to occupy the place at the Department of Philosophy, which was vacant for a long time. But he failed to do so in Moscow and moved to St.-Petersburg, where he tried to pass exams needed to get degree again. However, he failed again due to not giving the dissertation work; as the result, he didn’t receive masters’ degree and, furthermore, he dedicated himself entirely to literature. However, Turgenev saved his interest to philosophical problems, which he tried to solve in prose format.

About the authors

V. V. Vanchugov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: vanchugov@gmail.com

доктор философских наук, профессор, профессор кафедры истории русской философии Московского государственного университета имени М.В. Ломоносова

GSP-1, Leninskie Gory, Moscow, Russian Federation, 119991


  1. Bakunin MA. Sobranie sochinenii i pisem. Vol. 3. Moscow, 1935. (In Russ.).
  2. Barsukov NP. Zhizn' i trudy M. P. Pogodina. In 22 vols. St. Petersburg. 1888—1910. V. 6. 1892. (In Russ.).
  3. Grigor'ev VV. TN Granovskii do ego professorstva v Moskve. Russkaya beseda. 1856. V. III. “Smes'”. (In Russ.).
  4. Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya. 1834. Part 1. (In Russ.).
  5. Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev i Moskva. Sbornik statei. Moscow: Russkii put'; 2009. (In Russ.).
  6. Turgenev IS. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem v tridtsati tomakh. Pis'ma v vosemnadtsati tomakh. 2nd ed. Moscow: Nauka; 1982. V. 1: Letters 1831—1849. (In Russ.).
  7. Turgenev IS. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem v tridtsati tomakh. Moscow: Nauka; 1980. V. 5. (In Russ.).
  8. Turgenev IS. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem v tridtsati tomakh. Moscow: Nauka; 1981. V. 6. (In Russ.).
  9. Turgenev IS v vospominaniyakh sovremennikov. In 2 vols. Moscow: Khud. lit.; 1983. V. 1. (In Russ.).
  10. Nevedenskii S. Katkov i ego vremya. St. Peterburg, 1888. (In Russ.).
  11. Istoriya russkoi literatury. VIII. Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev: I. Popytka ego poluchit' stepen' magistra filosofii, v 1842 g. Soobshch. profes. Nil Aleksan. Popov. Russkaya starina. V. 28; (5—8). 1880. (In Russ.).
  12. Kropotkin PA. Zapiski revolyutsionera. Moscow: Moskovskii rabochii, 1988. (In Russ.)
  13. Lisovskii HM. Novye materialy dlya biografii IS Turgeneva. St. Petersburg, 1892. (In Russ.).
  14. Mnemozina. 1825. Part. IV. (In Russ.).
  15. Literaturnoe nasledstvo: IS. Turgenev: Novye materialy i issledovaniya. AN SSSR. In-t mirovoi lit. im. A.M. Gor'kogo. Moscow: Nauka; 1967. V. 76. (In Russ.).
  16. Moi studencheskie vospominaniya. Polonskii YaP. Proza. Moscow: Sovetskaya Rossiya; 1988. (In Russ.).
  17. Nadezhdin NI. Sochinenie v dvukh tomakh (T. I: Estetika. T. II: Filosofiya). St. Petersburg, 2000. (In Russ.).
  18. Ocherki i vospominanii H.M. Kolmakova s 1816-go g. Russkaya starina. V.70;(4—6). 1891. (In Russ.).
  19. Perepiska NV Stankevicha. 1830—1840. Moscow; 1914. (In Russ.).
  20. Pis'mo. Ord. Prof. Moskovskogo Universiteta Pogodina, iz Germanii. Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya. 1835;9. (In Russ.).
  21. Sakulin PN. Iz istorii russkogo idealizma. Knyaz' V.F. Odoevskii. Myslitel'. Pisatel'. V. І, pt. I. Moscow; 1913. (In Russ.).
  22. Sbornik postanovlenii po Ministerstvu narodnogo prosveshcheniya. V. 2. 1825—1855. pt. I. 1825—1839. 2nd ed. St. Petersburg, 1875. (In Russ.).
  23. Turgenevskii sbornik: Materialy k Polnomu sobraniyu sochinenii i pisem I.S. Turgeneva. Part 1. Moscow—Leningrad; 1964. (In Russ.).
  24. Turgenevskii sbornik pod redaktsiei A.F. Koni. Izdanie Turgenevskogo ob-va. Peterburg, Kooperativnoe izd-vo literatorov i uchenykh, 1921. (In Russ.).
  25. Turgenev IS. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem v tridtsati tomakh. Moscow: Nauka, 1978. V. 1. (In Russ.).
  26. Turgenev IS. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii i pisem v tridtsati tomakh. 2nd ed. Moscow: Nauka, 1983. V. 11. (In Russ.).
  27. Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya. 1834;8. (In Russ.).
  28. Perepiska IS Turgeneva. In 2 v. V. 1. Moscow: Khud. lit.; 1986. (In Russ.).
  29. Turgenev IS. Poln. sobr. soch. i pisem. in 28 vols. Moscow; Leningrad; 1961. V. 1. (In Russ.).
  30. Turgenev IS. Sobranie sochinenii. V. 12. Moscow, 1956. (In Russ.).
  31. Otechestvennye Zapiski. 1841: 6. (In Russ.).
  32. Pervaya lektsiya Shellinga v Berline. Otechestvennye zapiski. 1842. XX;(2). (In Russ.).
  33. Otechestvennye zapiski. 1842. XXII;(VII). (In Russ.).
  34. Gut'yar NM. Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev. Yur'ev: tip. K. Mattisena; 1907. (In Russ.).
  35. Proshenie II Davydova ministru narodnogo prosveshcheniya A.S. Shishkovu. Russkie professora: universitetskaya korporativnost' ili professional'naya solidarnost'. Moscow; 2012. (In Russ.).

Copyright (c) 2019 Vanchugov V.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies