Cover Page

Cite item


This paper outlines the phenomenon of “rational” fear arising in the modern era. The author relies on the work of Thomas Hobbes, as the creator of the concept of “rational” fear. The author makes an attempt to submit the concept of “rational” fear as the basis of the political philosophy of the English thinker. The author demonstrates how Hobbes reinterprets the traditional notion of fear and formulates his own original concept of “rational” fear, the appearance of which became possible only in the era of mo-dernity. Breaking with the “tradition”, Hobbes formulates his definition of “fear” in a mechanical way. The English philosopher turns out to be the creator of the “new political science”, in which foundation he lays the concept of “rational” fear. In the analysis of the “Leviathan” frontispiece, special attention is paid to the visual strategies of the English philosopher and to the idea of the Leviathan as a mythical monster. The author examines some problem areas of the concept of “rational” fear and possible ways to overcome it.

About the authors

A E Zyryanov

Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.

Зырянов Александр Евгеньевич - аспирант сектора социальной философии Института философии РАН

12/1, Goncharnaya Str., 109240, Moscow, Russian Federation


  1. Gobbs T. Leviafan, ili materiya, forma i vlast' gosudarstva tserkovnogo i grazhdanskogo. Moscow: Mysl'; 2001. (In Russ.)
  2. Gobbs T. Izbrannyye sochineniya v dvukh tomakh. Moscow: Mysl'; 1989. (In Russ.)
  3. Gulyakhin VN, Tel'nova NA. Strakh i yego sotsial'nyye funktsii. Filosofiya sotsial'nykh kommunikatsiy. Nauchno-teoreticheskiy zhurnal. 2010. (In Russ.)
  4. Izard K. Psikhologiya emotsiy. Saint Petersburg: Mastera psikhologii; 2007. (In Russ.)
  5. Kasumov TK, Gasanova LK. Strakhi v zhizni i zhizn' v strakhe. Voprosy filosofii. 2014;(1) [cited 2017 Jul 10]. Available from: 886&Itemid=52. (In Russ.)
  6. Oukshot M. Ratsionalizm v politike i drugiye stat'. Moscow: Ideya-Press; 2002. (In Russ.)
  7. Robin K. Strakh. Istoriya politicheskoy idei. Moscow: Territoriya budushchego; 2007. (In Russ.)
  8. Filippov AF. Tekhnika diktatury: k logike politicheskoy sotsiologii. In: Shmitt K. Diktatura. Moscow: Folio; 2010. (In Russ.)
  9. Shmitt K. Leviafan v uchenii o gosudarstve Tomasa Gobbsa. Saint Petersburg: Vladimir Dal'; 2006. (In Russ.)
  10. Shtraus L. Yestestvennoye pravo i istoriya. Moscow: Vodoley Publishers; 2007. (In Russ.)
  11. Bredekamp H. Thomas Hobbes‘s Visual Strategies. The Cambridge Companion to Hobbes’s Leviathan. Cambridge: Cambridge Press; 2007.
  12. Malcolm N. Aspects of Hobbes. Oxford: Clarendon Press; 2002.
  13. Martinich A. Hobbes: A Biography. Cambridge: Cambridge Press; 1999.
  14. Oakeshott M. Hobbes on Civil Association. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1975.
  15. Strauss L. The Political Philosophy of Hobbes. Its Basis and Its Genesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 1952.

Copyright (c) 2017 Zyryanov A.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies