Vol 28, No 3 (2020)


On the rate of convergence for a class of Markovian queues with group services

Kryukova A.L.


There are many queuing systems that accept single arrivals, accumulate them and service only as a group. Examples of such systems exist in various areas of human life, from traffic of transport to processing requests on a computer network. Therefore, our study is actual. In this paper some class of finite Markovian queueing models with single arrivals and group services are studied. We considered the forward Kolmogorov system for corresponding class of Markov chains. The method of obtaining bounds of convergence on the rate via the notion of the logarithmic norm of a linear operator function is not applicable here. This approach gives sharp bounds for the situation of essentially non-negative matrix of the corresponding system, but in our case it does not hold. Here we use the method of ‘differential inequalities’ to obtaining bounds on the rate of convergence to the limiting characteristics for the class of finite Markovian queueing models. We obtain bounds on the rate of convergence and compute the limiting characteristics for a specific non-stationary model too. Note the results can be successfully applied for modeling complex biological systems with possible single births and deaths of a group of particles.

Discrete and Continuous Models and Applied Computational Science. 2020;28(3):205-215
pages 205-215 views

Application of a computer algebra systems to the calculation of the \(\pi\pi\)-scattering amplitude

Kalinovsky Y.L., Friesen A.V., Rogozhina E.D., Golyatkina L.I.


The aim of this work is to develop a set of programs for calculation the scattering amplitudes of the elementary particles, as well as automating the calculation of amplitudes using the appropriate computer algebra systems (Mathematica, Form, Cadabra). The paper considers the process of pion-pion scattering in the framework of the effective Nambu-Iona-Lasinio model with two quark flavours. The Package-X for Mathematica is used to calculate the scattering amplitude (starting with the calculation of Feynman diagrams and ending with the calculation of Feynman integrals in the one-loop approximation). The loop integrals are calculated in general kinematics in Package-X using the Feynman parametrization technique. A simple check of the program is made: for the case with zero temperature, the scattering lengths \(a_0 = 0.147\) and \(a_2 = -0.0475\) are calculated and the total cross section is constructed. The results are compared with other models as well as with experimental data.

Discrete and Continuous Models and Applied Computational Science. 2020;28(3):216-229
pages 216-229 views

Asymptotic solution of Sturm-Liouville problem with periodic boundary conditions for relativistic finite-difference Schrödinger equation

Amirkhanov I.V., Kolosova I.S., Vasilyev S.A.


The quasi-potential approach is very famous in modern relativistic particles physics. This approach is based on the so-called covariant single-time formulation of quantum field theory in which the dynamics of fields and particles is described on a space-like three-dimensional hypersurface in the Minkowski space. Special attention in this approach is paid to methods for constructing various quasi-potentials. The quasipotentials allow to describe the characteristics of relativistic particles interactions in quark models such as amplitudes of hadron elastic scatterings, mass spectra, widths of meson decays and cross sections of deep inelastic scatterings of leptons on hadrons. In this paper Sturm–Liouville problems with periodic boundary conditions on a segment and a positive half-line for the 2m-order truncated relativistic finite-difference Schrödinger equation (Logunov–Tavkhelidze–Kadyshevsky equation, LTKT-equation) with a small parameter are considered. A method for constructing of asymptotic eigenfunctions and eigenvalues in the form of asymptotic series for singularly perturbed Sturm–Liouville problems with periodic boundary conditions is proposed. It is assumed that eigenfunctions have regular and boundary-layer components. This method is a generalization of asymptotic methods that were proposed in the works of A. N. Tikhonov, A. B. Vasilyeva, and V. F Butuzov. We present proof of theorems that can be used to evaluate the asymptotic convergence for singularly perturbed problems solutions to solutions of degenerate problems when ε→0 and the asymptotic convergence of truncation equation solutions in the case m→∞. In addition, the Sturm–Liouville problem on the positive half-line with a periodic boundary conditions for the quantum harmonic oscillator is considered. Eigenfunctions and eigenvalues

are constructed for this problem as asymptotic solutions for 4-order LTKT-equation.

Discrete and Continuous Models and Applied Computational Science. 2020;28(3):230-251
pages 230-251 views

Asymptotic method for constructing a model of adiabatic guided modes of smoothly irregular integrated optical waveguides

Sevastianov A.L.


The paper considers a class of smoothly irregular integrated optical multilayer waveguides, whose properties determine the characteristic features of guided propagation of monochromatic polarized light. An asymptotic approach to the description of such electromagnetic radiation is proposed, in which the solutions of Maxwell’s equations are expressed in terms of the solutions of a system of four ordinary differential equations and two algebraic equations for six components of the electromagnetic field in the zero approximation. The gradient of the phase front of the adiabatic guided mode satisfies the eikonal equation with respect to the effective refractive index of the waveguide for the given mode.The multilayer structure of waveguides allows one more stage of reducing the model to a homogeneous system of linear algebraic equations, the nontrivial solvability condition of which specifies the relationship between the gradient of the radiation phase front and the gradients of interfaces between thin homogeneous layers.In the final part of the work, eigenvalue and eigenvector problems (differential and algebraic), describing adiabatic guided modes are formulated. The formulation of the problem of describing the single-mode propagation of adiabatic guided modes is also given, emphasizing the adiabatic nature of the described approximate solution of Maxwell’s equations.

Discrete and Continuous Models and Applied Computational Science. 2020;28(3):252-273
pages 252-273 views

Kuryshkin-Wodkiewicz quantum measurement model for alkaline metal atoms

Zorin A.V.


The constructive form of the Kuryshkin-Wodkiewicz model of quantum measurements was earlier developed in detail for the quantum Kepler problem. For more complex quantum objects, such a construction is unknown. At the same time, the standard (non-constructive) model of Holevo-Helstrom quantum measurements is suitable for any quantum object. In this work, the constructive model of quantum measurements is generalized to a wider class of quantum objects, i.e., the optical spectrum of atoms and ions with one valence electron. The analysis is based on experimental data on the energy ordering of electrons in an atom according to the Klechkovsky-Madelung rule and on the substantiation of a single-particle potential model for describing the energy spectrum of optical electrons in alkali metal atoms. A representation of the perturbation of a single-particle potential in the form of a convolution of the potential of an electron in a hydrogen atom with the Wigner function of a certain effective state of the core in an alkali metal atom representation allows reducing all calculation algorithms for alkali metals to the corresponding algorithms for the hydrogen atom.
Discrete and Continuous Models and Applied Computational Science. 2020;28(3):274-288
pages 274-288 views

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