Anthropological approach to the concept of legal values: classic, non-classical and post-non-classical

Cover Page

Cite item


The article is devoted to the study of the concept of legal values, their classification. Analysis of legal literature led to the conclusion that legal values are considered only in line with legal positivism, which have a “façade” in relation to the subject of law. According to the author, anthropological approaches - classical, non-classical and post-non-classical - can become a milestone in a conceptually different understanding of the values of law. In this regard, the purpose of the paper is to conduct a study of the values of law in line with anthropological research programs. To achieve the goal, the following tasks were set: 1) to describe the classical (neoclassical), non-classical and post-non-classical anthropological programs; 2) to formulate the concept of legal values and truth within the framework of three paradigms of legal thinking; 3) to classify and rank the values of law. As a result of the study, the following conclusions were made: The legal value in the classical (neoclassical) anthropological paradigm lies in the safe-guarding and protection of inviolability of the biopsychophysiological integrity of the organism, which identifies an individual as a physical person. Therefore, the law has an objectified and alienated from the individual subject character. The value of law in non-classical anthropological discourse is imperative-attributive experiences (legal psyche) or intentional acts of consciousness that constitute legal reality, with which a person is identified - a legal personality. The post-non-classical model of cognition is focused on the discovery of the true essence of a person through identification with a legal being (or pure consciousness), which is an absolute value and creator of transpersonal and extra-social legal reality.

About the authors

Valeriy P. Ivanskiy

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.

Candidate of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative and Financial Law

6 Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russia Federation


  1. Androsov, V.P. (2019) What is the Russian for “Bodhi” an “enlightenment” or an “awakening”? Orientalistica. 2(1), 21-39. (in Russian)
  2. Babenko, A.N. (2002) Legal values and their development by the individual. Dis ... dr. jur. sciences. Moscow. (in Russian)
  3. Belinova, O.A. & Fomin, V.E. (2012) The value of law and values in law. Scientific Bulletin of the Omsk Academy of the MIA of Russia. 1 (44), 29-33. (in Russian)
  4. Ben-Menahem, H. & Ben-Menahem, Y. (2020). The rule of law: Natural, human, and divine. Studies in history and philosophy of science. (81), 46-54.
  5. Bierling, E.R. (1883) Zur Kritik der juristischen Grundbegriffe. Bd 2. Gotha: F.A. Perthes. (in German)
  6. Bierling, E.R. (1894) Juristische Prinzipienlehre. In 5 Bänden. Bd 1. Neudr. d. Ausg. Tübingen. (in German)
  7. Chalmers, D. (1996) The conscious mind: In search of a fundamental theory. Oxford UP, Oxford
  8. Chestnov, I.L. (2007) The problem of the subject of law in modern legal science. Legal Thought. 41 (3), 90-94. (in Russian)
  9. Chestnov, I.L. (2009) History of political and legal doctrines. Theoretical and methodological introduction. Saint Petersburg, Knowledge Publ. (in Russian)
  10. Drobyazko, S.G. (2010) Common theory of law. Minsk, Amalfeya. (in Russian)
  11. Frank, J. (1949) Law and the Modern Mind. London, Stevens
  12. Frankl, V. (1990) Man in search of meaning. Moscow, Progress Publ. (in Russian)
  13. Gavrilova, Yu. A. (2015) Legal values and a sense of law. Russian journal of legal studies. 3(4), 35-39. (in Russian)
  14. Gusserl, E. (1994) Logical research. In: Philosophy as a strict science. Vol. 1. Novocherkassk, Saguna Publ. (in Russian)
  15. Gusserl, E. (1999) Ideas to a pure phenomenology and to a phenomenological philosophy. Vol. 1. Moscow, Academic project Publ. (in Russian)
  16. Gusserl, E. (2011) Logical research: Prolegomena to pure logic. Vol. 1. Moscow, Academic project Publ. (in Russian)
  17. Haney, C. (1980) Psychology and Legal Change: On the Limits of a Factual Jurisprudence. Law and Human Behavior. 4(3), 147-199
  18. Ignatov, A.V. (2008) F. Brentano and E. Husserl: the phenomenon of intentionality. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg university. International relations. (3), 120-124. (in Russian)
  19. Ilin, I.A. (2006) General doctrine of law and the state. Moscow, AST Publ. (in Russian)
  20. Jakob, R. & Rehbinder, M. (1987) Beitrage zur Rechtspsychologie. Berlin, Duncker & Humblot. (in German)
  21. Jylkkä, J. & Railo, H. (2019) Consciousness as a concrete physical phenomenon. Consciousness and Cognition. (74), 102779.
  22. Kant, I. (2002) Metaphysics of morals. Moscow, Mysl Publ. (in Russian)
  23. Khalikov, A.N. (2014) Psychological foundations of law. Jurist-Pravoved. 3(64), 41-46. (in Russian)
  24. Кnарр, L. (1857) System der Rechtsphilosophie. Erlangen, F. Enke. (in German)
  25. Loening, R. (1907) Über Wurzel und Wesen des Rechts. Iena. (in German)
  26. Lyadov, A.O. (2003) Methodological problems of historical and legal science. Legal education and science. (3), 26-28. (in Russian)
  27. Malakhov, V.P. (2001) Nature, content and logic of legal consciousness. Dis ... dr. jur. Sciences. Moscow. (in Russian)
  28. Mikhailov, S. (2013) Systematization of legal values. Philosophy of Law. 5(60), 48-55. (in Russian)
  29. Mishina, I. (2012) Axiological Bases of Legal Systems. Comparative Law. 3(4), 84-90. (in Ukraine)
  30. Monahan, J. &Walker, L. (1987) Social frameworks: A new use of social science in law. Virginia Law Review. 73(3), 559-598. doi: 10.2307/1072923
  31. Monahan, J. & Walker, L. (1988) Social science research in law: A new paradigm. American Psychologist. 43(6), 465-472.
  32. Moroz, E.N. (2011) Legal rules and values as elements of the legal system. Siberian law herald. 4(55), 17-22. (in Russian)
  33. Mozheiko, M.A. (2011) Secular education and the problem of spirituality in modern culture: The Renaissance of traditional values. In: XVI International Cyril and Methodius readings (Minsk, May 26-28, 2010): materials of the readings “Religious culture in the context of secular education”. Part 2. Minsk, Belarus
  34. Nazarova, O. (2017) Das Problem der Wiedergeburt und Neubegründung der Metaphysik am Beispiel der christlichen philosophischen Traditionen: der russischen religiösen Philosophie (Simon L. Frank) und der deutschsprachigen neuscholastischen Philosophie (Emerich Coreth). München, Herbert Utz Verlag. (in German)
  35. Nenovski, N. (1987) Law and values. Transl. from Bulgarian. Moscow, Progress Publ. (in Russian).
  36. Nersesyants, V.S. (1973) Distinction and correlation of law and law as an interdisciplinary problem. Moscow, Nauka Publ. (in Russian)
  37. Pavlov, V.I. (2018) Personality in law in the process of realization of legal values from the position of the anthropological concept of law. Legal Science and Practice: Journal of Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. 2(42), 44-50. (in Russian)
  38. Petrazhitskii, L.I. (1900) Essays on the philosophy of law. Saint Petersburg, Yu.N. Ehrlich Publ. (in Russian)
  39. Petrazhitskii, L.I. (1904) About the motives of human actions. Saint Petersburg, E.L. Porokhovshchikova Publ. (in Russian)
  40. Petrazhitskii, L.I. (1908) Introduction to the study of law and morality. Fundamentals of emotional psychology. Saint Petersburg, Yu. N. Ehrlich Publ. (in Russian)
  41. Polyakov, A.V. (2009) Farewell to the classics, or how a communicative theory of law is possible. Russian yearbook of legal theory. (1), 9-42. (in Russian)
  42. Prekhtl, P. (1999) Introduction to Husserls phenomenology. Tomsk, Vodoley Publ. (in Russian)
  43. Savenkov, A.N. & Gorban, V.S. (2019) Modern psychology of law and legal views of L.I. Petrazhitsky. Psikhologicheskii zhurnal. 40 (3), 89-98. (in Russian)
  44. Shcherbatskoi, F.I. (1995) Theory of knowledge and logic according to the teachings of later Buddhists. Part 1. “Textbook of logic” Dharmakirti with the interpretation of the Dharmottara. Sanskrit Parallels. Saint Petersburg, ASTA-Press LTD Publ. (in Russian)
  45. Sorokin, V.V. (2009) The concept of conscience in the legal measurement. History of State and Law. (21), 2-6. (in Russian)
  46. Stolyarenko, D. V. (2012) Legal nihilism and legal socialization of modern youth: sociophilosophical aspect. Theory and Practice of Social Development. (4), 5-61. (in Russian)
  47. Timoshina, E.V. (2013) L.I. Petrazhitsky's theory and sociology of law in the context of classical and post-classical legal understanding. Dis ... dr. jur. sciences. Moscow. (in Russian)
  48. Vetyutnev, Yu. Yu. (2013) Axiology of legal form: monograp. Moscow, Jurlitinform Publ. (in Russian)
  49. Zitelmann, E. (1879) Irrtum und Rechtsgeschaft. Leipzig. (in German)

Copyright (c) 2021 Ivanskiy V.P.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies