King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Abdullah II: Political Portrait

Cover Page

Cite item


King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Abdullah II in 2019 celebrated the 20th anniversary of his ascension to the throne. The article covers the features of the socio-political and economic life of the state and the role of King Abdullah II in the development of the Hashemite Kingdom. The history of Jordan is full of important events, many of which remain significant to this day. One of the main issues for Jordan and its head, King Abdullah II, has been and still remains the Palestinian problem. Considering that the majority of the Jordanian population is Palestinians, represented by both the indigenous inhabitants of the Kingdom and political refugees who have moved to the territory of the Hashemite state as a result of the Palestinian-Israeli wars and conflicts. Currently, the Kingdom is facing quite challenging realities and consequences of international terrorism and extremism, as well as the growth of ideas of radical Islamism within the state. The author’s research goal is not just to present the biography of the king, but through his biography to highlight the history and trends of the modern development of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The political portrait of the king helps to analyze more accurately the multifaceted life of Jordan and present events. A special part of the history of Jordan is the bilateral relationship between the Hashemite Kingdom and the Russian Federation. Regular meetings of King Abdullah II and President V.V. Putin demonstrate the similarity of positions on many foreign policy issues, in particular the situation in the Middle East and in Syria, which emphasizes the importance and priority of cooperation between the two countries. The article also describes the role of the personality of King Abdullah II, his desire to balance the internal political situation of Jordan, as well as his actions regarding international security and the peaceful existence of peoples and religions.

About the authors

Nadezhda Nikolaevna Morozova

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.

Assistant, the Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of ties and Social Sciences

Moscow, Russian Federation


  1. Abduayyah, S. (2001). Al-urdun ma beyna ‘ahdeyni ‘ahd al-malik ‘Abdallah ath-thani bin al-Huseyn wa ‘ahd al-malik Huseyn bin Talal tayib Allah tharahu [Abduayyah, S. Jordan between Two Eras of the Era of King Abdullah the Second bin Hussein and the Era of King Hussein bin Talal (peace, Almighty, his soul)]. Abu Dhabi, OAE: Center of Coordination and Control. (In Arabic).
  2. Aganin, A.R. & Solovyeva, Z.A. (2003). Contemporary Jordan. Moscow: IIIiBV publ. (In Russian).
  3. Belokrenitsky, V.Ya. & Naumkin, V.V. (Eds.). (2008). The History of the East: in 6 vol. Vol. 6: The East in the Newest Period (1945—2000). Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies, RAS, Vostochnaya literatura publ. (In Russian).
  4. Csicsmann, L. (2007). Responsible Freedom and National Security: Liberalisation in Jordan under King Abdullah II. Society and Economy, 29, 1, 103—122.
  5. Demchenko, A.V. (2007). Royal Power in Jordan and Islamic Opposition. World Economy and International Relations, 10, 64—71. (In Russian).
  6. Demchenko, A.V. (2013). Russian—Jordanian Relations at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Achievements, Problems and Prospects. Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 25: International Relations and World Politics, 3, 100—138. (In Russian).
  7. Demchenko, A.V. (2014). Jordan. Russia and the Muslim world, 9 (267), 144—167. (In Russian).
  8. Khazanov, A.M. (1996). Jordan. Small Geography and Big History. Asia and Africa Today, 11 (472), 65—69. (In Russian).
  9. Köprülü, N. (2014). Consolidated Monarchies in the Post-‘Arab Spring’ Era: The Case of Jordan. Israel Affairs, 20, 3, 318—327.
  10. Krylov, A.V. (2013). Features of Democratic Reforms in Jordan. Vestnik MGIMO University, 2 (29), 113—119. (In Russian).
  11. Mashaqaba, A. (2005). Dawr al-qiyadat al-hashimiya fi ad-diblumasiyya al-urdunniyya “djalal al-malik ‘Abdallah ath-thani wa as-siyasat al-haridjiya [Mashaqaba, A. Role of Hashemite leadership in Jordanian diplomacy “His Majesty King Abdullah II and Foreign Policy]. In: Materials of the conference “Jordan: Arab Diplomacy in the Middle East”. Hashemite University of Az-Zarqa, December 1—3. P. 5—8. (In Arabic).
  12. Naumkin, V.V. & Popov, V.V. (Eds.). (2015). Political Portraits of Figures of the Near and Middle East: Essays. Moscow: MGIMO-Universitet publ.
  13. Naumkin, V.V. & Popov, V.V. (Eds.). (2018). Political Portraits of Figures of the Near and Middle East: Essays: Book Two. Moscow: MGIMO-Universitet publ.
  14. Oroub, A. (2004). Palestinian Refugees in Jordan. University of Oxford, FMO, February.
  15. Pelham, N. (2011). King Abdullah of Jordan and the Arab Spring. Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre, NOREF Article, December.
  16. Ponomarenko, L.V. & Chikrizova, O.S. (2016). The Phenomenon of Leadership in the National Liberation Movement in the Arab East and Africa. In: Languages and Cultures in the Era of Globalization: Features of Functioning, Development Prospects and Interaction of Self-identification in the Modern World. Materials of the interuniversity scientific-practical conference. Moscow, April 21, 2016. Moscow: RUDN University publ. P. 386—393. (In Russian).
  17. Primakov, E.M. (2016). Confidential: Middle East on Stage and behind the Scenes. Moscow: Tsentrpoligraf publ. (In Russian).
  18. Robbins, M. & Rubin, L. (2013). The Rise of Official Islam in Jordan. Politics, Religion & Ideology, 14, 1, 59—74.
  19. Sardarova, M.A. (2019). Jordan after the “Arab Spring”. In: Eastern Almanac. Collection of scientific articles. Iss. 3. Moscow: Kvant Media publ. P. 75—85. (In Russian).
  20. Sharp, J.M. (2019). Jordan: Background and U.S. Relations. Congressional Research Service. Report. April 9.
  21. Vasiliev, A.M. (2018). From Lenin to Putin, Russia in the Near and Middle East. Moscow: Tsentrpoligraf publ. (In Russian).
  22. Voronin, S.A. (2007). Political Culture, Mass Consciousness and Leadership Problems in the East. (Theoretical discourse). Moscow: Labyrinth publ. (In Russian).
  23. Wagner, H.L. & Schlesinger-Jr., A.M. (2005). King Abdullah II. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers, A Heights Cross Communications Company.
  24. Yitzhak, R. (2017). Between Reform and Islam: The Arab Spring in Jordan 2011—2014. Democracy and Security, 14, 1, 1—21. doi: 10.1080/17419166.2017.1408464

Copyright (c) 2019 Morozova N.N.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies