Development of environmental measures to reduce the dusty emissions of stone coal in loading and unloading works

Cover Page

Cite item


Now Russia is one of the world’s leading coal producers. Particles inevitably pass into an aerosol state, forming dust, which is subsequently emitted into the atmosphere during the extraction, crushing, sorting and transportation of coal. This dust negatively affects the health of workers in the mining industry, as well as the population of the residential area. In this regard, the question arises about the effective air cleaning in the working area from coal dust and reducing its concentration. The work purpose is to develop a comprehensive cleaning of gas-air emissions from coal dust in the working area where it is transported. The main task is to create an additional degree of air purification from coal dust. For this purpose, a vortex absorber was used, which is a cylindrical apparatus in which a contact element with perforated holes is located. The geometric dimensions of the absorber and its main parameters have been determined. The absorber developed by the authors has shown very good results as a device for the final purification of gas-air emissions. The efficiency of trapping small solid particles in the presented scheme reaches 99%. At the same time, as a result of the introduction of this installation, effective air purification from dust particles with a diameter of about 0.2 microns is carried out and the coal briquettes production is increased by 144 tons per year.

About the authors

Alexander V. Lukanin

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Environmental Monitoring and Forecasting, Institute of Environmental Engineering

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Elena S. Klevanova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)


PhD student, Department of Environmental Monitoring and Forecasting, Institute of Environmental Engineering

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation


  1. Zinchenko VA, Razumov VV. Occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) – a missing link in the classification of occupational lung diseases (critical review). Clinical Aspects of Occupational Pathology. Tomsk; 2002. p. 15–18. (In Russ.)
  2. Lukanin AV. Development of mass transfer apparatus for microalgae production systems, their hydraulic and mass transfer characteristics (dissertation of the Candidate of Technical Sciences). Moscow; 1984. (In Russ.)
  3. Lukanin AV. Engineering ecology: protection of the lithosphere from solid industrial and domestic waste. Moscow: INFRA-M Publ.; 2018. (In Russ.)
  4. Lukanin AV. Ecological improvement of large-scale production of fodder protein (dissertation of the Doctor of Technical Sciences). Moscow; 1994. (In Russ.)
  5. Rodionov AI, Klushin VN, Sister VG. Technological processes of ecological safety. 4th ed., rev. and add. Kaluga: N.F. Bochkareva Publ.; 2007. (In Russ.)
  6. Birger MI, Valdberg AYu, Myagkov BI. Dust and ash collection guide (AA Rusanova, ed.). 2nd ed., rev. and add. Moscow: Energoatomizdat Publ.; 1983. (In Russ.)
  7. Uzhov VN, Valdberg AYu, Myagkov BI, Reshidov IK. Cleaning of industrial gases from dust. Moscow: Khimiya Publ.; 1981. (In Russ.)

Copyright (c) 2021 Lukanin A.V., Klevanova E.S.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies