Dynamics of air temperature in the main types of mountain Crimea regional ecosystems

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Abstract

Climate change in Crimea is characterized by spatial heterogeneity in the displacement of air temperature fields, due to the influence of regional and local factors. There are currently no works devoted to the study of the reaction of regional ecosystems to changes in air temperature in Crimea. Based on open databases of reanalysis, geoinformation modeling the results of studies of the dynamics of air temperature in the main types of ecosystems of the Mountain Crimea under conditions of climate change are presented. For each circulation epoch and period of the Northern Hemisphere, maps of average annual temperatures were obtained along the landscape contours of the Crimean Peninsula. A map of the standard deviation of temperature within the landscape contours was made. For key areas, the mean annual air temperature, standard deviation, and factorial entropy were calculated. The main regularities of air temperature dynamics in the main types of Mountain Crimea ecosystems with the change of circulation epochs and periods of the Northern Hemisphere are revealed. Based on the analysis of the dynamics of the standard deviation and factor entropy, the role of changes in air temperature in the formation of strategies for the development or stabilization of the main types of regional ecosystems in Mountain Crimea is shown.

About the authors

Roman V. Gorbunov

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS

Author for correspondence.
Email: gorbunov@ibss-ras.ru

Ph.D. in Geography, Acting Director

2 Nakhimova Prospekt, Sevastopol, 299011, Russian Federation

Vladimir A. Tabunshchik

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS

Email: tabunshchyk@ya.ru

junior researcher, Research Center for Geomatics

2 Nakhimova Prospekt, Sevastopol, 299011, Russian Federation

Tatyana Yu. Gorbunova

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS; Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: gorbunovatyu@gmail.com

research associate, Research Center for Geomatics, A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Russian Academy of Sciences; Associate Professor, Subtropical and Tropical Ecology Department, Institute of Ecology, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).

2 Nakhimova Prospekt, Sevastopol, 299011, Russian Federation; 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Maria S. Safonova

A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS

Email: mari_malashina@bk.ru

junior researcher, Research Center for Geomatics

2 Nakhimova Prospekt, Sevastopol, 299011, Russian Federation

References

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Copyright (c) 2021 Gorbunov R.V., Tabunshchik V.A., Gorbunova T.Y., Safonova M.S.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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