Analysis of thiram derivatives use in plant complex of the Kursk region

Abstract

The impact on the biosphere of anthropogenic factors is a serious environmental problem. Today, pesticides are becoming one of the important chemical factors that cause adverse environmental changes. Pesticides enter the human body through a contaminated hydrosphere, atmosphere, and food. Modern man is not able to grow and maintain crops without the use of pesticides. Penetrating into the human body, they cumulate, thereby contributing to the creation of threatening health situations. Despite this, modern human civilization cannot do without them. The purpose of the review was to study the circulation volume of derivatives of thiram, such as vitalon, vitavaks, vitasil, vitaros, tir and TMTD (Tetramethylthiuram Disulfide) in the agricultural complex of the Kursk region for the period 2007-2016. The data obtained at the Kursk Regional Plant Protection Station, as well as agrochemical protection station “Kurskaya”, were subjected to statistical analysis using the application “Statistica 6.0”. Circulating volumes of thiram's derivatives were examined in agro-industrial complex of Kursk area over a 10-year period. The proportion of fungicides of thiram's series with the release of agrochemicals dominant in the structure of seed crops cultivation technologies was investigated. A study of the structure of sown areas with the allocation of priority crops grown in the region was conducted, the total number of which amounted 80.76%. The ranking of the region by thiram’s derivatives was made. All studied fungicidal products of thiram are widely used for the cultivation of crops in the Kursk region. Identified regions with the biggest amount of making this group of agrochemicals in the soil are treated as high anthropogenic load zone and require the development of environmental protection. The volume of circulation of the studying group of pesticides can be dangerous to humans and animals, influence the formation of peoples’ somatic pathologies.

About the authors

Vladimir A. Korolev

Kursk State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: medecol1@yandex.ru

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Biology, Medical Genetics and Ecology

3 Karla Marksa St, Kursk, 305041, Russian Federation

Olga A. Medvedeva

Kursk State Medical University

Email: olgafrida@rambler.ru

Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor of the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology

3 Karla Marksa St, Kursk, 305041, Russian Federation

Vera A. Ryadnova

Kursk State Medical University

Email: veraan8@ya.ru

correspondence graduate student of the Department of Biology, Medical Genetics and Ecology

3 Karla Marksa St, Kursk, 305041, Russian Federation

Sergey A. Losenok

Kursk State Medical University

Email: losenok67@mail.ru

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of General Hygiene

3 Karla Marksa St, Kursk, 305041, Russian Federation

Ekaterina S. Nikitina

Kursk State Medical University

Email: kater.nikitina2012@yandex.ru

corresponding graduate student of the Department of Microbiology, Virology and Immunology

3 Karla Marksa St, Kursk, 305041, Russian Federation

Ivan V. Korolev

Kursk State Medical University

Email: medecol1@yandex.ru

4th year student at the Faculty of Pediatrics

3 Karla Marksa St, Kursk, 305041, Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2020 Korolev V.A., Medvedeva O.A., Ryadnova V.A., Losenok S.A., Nikitina E.S., Korolev I.V.

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