No 1 (2015)

Articles
THE EMPEROR AUGUSTUS: STATESMAN AND JURIST
Gvozdeva I.A.
Abstract
The agrarian question reflected the condition of Roman economic and social structure. It was the most complicated and urgent question at the end of the republican period. Augustus solved it through giving of land lots to the veterans of the Civil Wars, putting them in the colonies all over the Mediterranean. For the optimal solving this problem he used all the achievements of Roman science and technology. Land division for veterans was made by limites in the system of centuriatio . It guaranteed exact calculation of the areas for their transfer into the ownership and practically separated dominium from land possessio . Augustus gave a legal status to every action of land surveying. Limites and centuriae became the legal basis for dominium . However, the ancient principles of law, designating agerpublicus , were saved in the centuriatio . This made possible a visual demonstration of possessory rights on a par with proprietary rights. Thereby Augustus settled correlation of possessory and proprietary rights, laying the foundation for the Roman land cadaster.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):5-16
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СOMMON AND DIFFERENT FEATURES OF CANADIAN, AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN VARIANTS OF CONSERVATISM
Komarov A.N.
Abstract
This article is to illustrate the comparative analysis of Canadian, American and European versions of conservatism, operating on the criterias of its appearance and development, the attitude to state power, political evolution of society, revolutional changes and monarchy, intervention to economy and private enterprise, empire ideology. The author concludes that the common features and differences of above versions of conservatism are explained by historical and economical features of their development.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):17-33
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MODELS OF COLONIZATION IN ENGLISH PROMOTIONAL LITERATURE OF THE FIRST HALF OF XVII CENTURY
Savinov K.L.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the problem of the perception of promotional colonial literature by ordinary colonists. Drawing on the example of Pilgrim fathres, New Plymouth founders, we can see how these advertising pamphlets influenced choosing of place for the future colony and defined goals and organization of colonial undertaking. The author analyzes the story of creation and structure of notable examples of English promotional literature. The purpose of the article is the definition of distance between literature on colonization and colonial enterprises inspired by it.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):34-46
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JIHAD IN THE WORKS OF ABUL ALA MAUDUDI
Kadyrova K.A.
Abstract
The article examines the interpretation of the concept of jihad in the works of well-known Muslim educator, statesman, philosopher and scientist, the founder of the «Jamaat al-Islamiya» party Abul Ala Maududi. The author analyzes the views of Mawdudi concerning the nature and significance of the concept, purposes of jihad, as well as the relationship between the followers of Islam and other faiths, paying close attention to such a concept as unbelief (kufr). It is noted that, during the period of the persecution of the «Muslim Brotherhood» in Cairo, namely Mawdudi in his works was developing the theories and the concepts that allowed Islamist ideology to adapt to the new political conditions. The author dwells on the purposes of jihad, according to Mawdudi, which consist in the establishment of a united and undivided power of God on the earth by overthrowing the corrupt governments, as well as the destruction of «false religion» and replacing it with the religion of truth - that is Islam. Under the pen of Mawdudi religion has become an ideology of political struggle, for doing that in 1941 he organized the «Jamaat-e-Islami». The contribution of Mawdudi in the development of modern Islamism consisted, according to author, is that he justified the delimitation between the Muslim nationalists as well as the world of the «ulama», and that is his party continued to exist while Islamists were disorganized by repression.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):47-64
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EURASIAN IDEA N.A. NAZARBAYEV IN THE COMMONWEALTH OF INDEPENDENT STATES
Grebenichenko S.F., Sagindikov R.E.
Abstract
The article deals with the international image of the leader of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, who owns the famous post-Soviet Eurasian idea, proposed on a new basis of formation and development of the Commonwealth of Independent States. This year marks 20 years since the historic lecture of the President of Kazakhstan in Moscow State University. MV University, which was announced by the idea of creating the Eurasian Economic Union. In this regard, the need to settle into her new ideology as intrastate and interstate relations in the post-Soviet space. Simultaneously, the authors asked a fair question - why Kazakhstan is one of the first in the former Soviet Union proposed the idea of the Eurasian Economic, who received a convincing answer to the article associated with a number of vital factors. Later in the article notes that the new economic idea NA Nazarbayev is very different from the previous integration of ideas and forms of directions. It is no coincidence, according to the authors, this idea was the head of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the post-attractive not only for the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, but also to non-CIS countries - India, Vietnam, Turkey and others. And here, as pointed out in the article, plays an important role volunteerism. No one, under any circumstances, according to the authors, should not force any country to join the Eurasian Economic Union of CIS countries. In this regard, the article emphasizes that it is confidential law and the internal decision of each nation, each country.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):65-73
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EVOLUTION OF RUSSIAN HISTORIOGRAPHY FOR "THE LIBYAN ISSUE": FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE MAIN RESEARCH THEMES
Lukyanov G.V.
Abstract
This article is devoted to the general review of Russian historiography of Libyan studies. The main themes and issues in research of socio-political and economic processes in Libya are emphasized. The aim is to analyze the Soviet (until 1991) and the Post-Soviet (1991-2011) periods in Russian Oriental studies. The author offers a detailed review of articles, monographs, dissertations on Libyan issues, which were published during the mentioned period.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):74-98
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SOUTH TIBET (TAWANG) IN SINO-INDIAN RELATIONS
Zhong R.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the study of the special situation concerning Tawang region (is a part of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, otherwise - Southern Tibet) in the Sino-Indian relations. In addition to its strategic positioning, and also because of demand of the PRC leadership to return China this region of the Tibet (TAR), Tawang gets the important place in the system of Tibetan Buddhism: it is the birthplace of the sixth Dalai Lama, and the current, Fourteenth leader of Tibetan Buddhism, who fled in 1959 from Lhasa into India via this area. According to the author, such combination of politics and religion is fraught with dangerous potential for conflict, which, in spite of the ongoing development of Sino-Indian relations and generally stable situation on the border, can in the shortest time create a real threat to the peaceful development of the border areas, and impact on the search of the new incarnation of the Dalai Lama.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):99-118
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ON THE ISSUE OF CHINA'S FOREIGN POLICY STRATEGY
Bogdanova N.A.
Abstract
China has long attracted the Europeans. However , the convergence of China and Western Europe refers to the beginning of 60th. Of the 20 th century. It was the period when China start to establish diplomatic relations with several countries of the European Union. Currently, the Chinese government closely monitors the position and role of the EU on the world stage and makes every effort to work together with the European countries.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):119-129
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RUSSIAN-KAZAKH COOPERATION: EXPERIENCE AND PROBLEMS
Sagindikov R.E.
Abstract
This article analyzes the main priorities of Russian-Kazakh cooperation under the new historical conditions. Primary attention is paid to understanding the new forms of integration between Russia and Kazakhstan, which is a Eurasian in its history and existence, because they belong to the Eurasian civilization. Simultaneously, the article analyzes the fact that the history of relations between Russia and Kazakhstan in the last twenty years has many examples of mutually beneficial, long-term cooperation, which is created between the two countries is largely a joint approach to the political, economic, social, international, etc. Development. All these problems have received in-depth analysis in this article, and the author considers the main directions of Russian-Kazakh cooperation, starting from the first years of the 1990s to the present day. At the same time the author emphasizes that despite the positive aspects of this cooperation, the status and content of finding relationships in Russia and Kazakhstan in the Commonwealth of Independent States in the last 20 years, raises many issues that are currently waiting for their decision. In this regard, the article stresses that the content of the modern Russian economic cooperation is not always coincide with the statements and the desire of both countries. The process of integration was restrained and constrained at present by the presence of many factors that got in this paper a detailed analysis.
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):130-140
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WORD ABOUT THE WISE MENTOR
Ponomarenko L.V.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):141-148
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ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND THE LEVANT. SENSITIVE ISSUE
Yakemenko B.G.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):149-154
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OUR AUTHORS
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Abstract
RUDN Journal of World History. 2015;(1):155-156
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