Optimization of channels and I-shaped bended closed profiles with tubular shelves from sheets of different thicknesses

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Abstract


The continuation of optimization of channels and I-beams bent closed profiles (BCP) with tubular flanges made of rolled sheet of different thicknesses is presented. Such profiles are intended for light steel thin-walled structures (LSWS), which are distinguished by high technical and economic indicators and massive demand in industrial and civil construction, which confirms the relevance of their further development. The main results of the calculation of the optimal bending arrangement of composite sections of I-beams from sheet blanks of different thicknesses, including channel-type BCPs unified in terms of optimal parameters, are also presented. The aim of the study is to show that the characteristics of the LSWS can be further improved by shaping profiles, combining straight and round outlines of closed and open contours in a composite section. Methods. By means of experimental design studies, solution of optimization problems and variant design of I-profiles, their composite sections from sheet blanks of different thicknesses, including blanks of channel profiles, have been refined. The originality of channels and I-shaped BCP has been confirmed by patent examination. Results. The I-shaped BCP consists of two tubular shelves and one double thickness wall. Calculation of the optimal layout of an I-shaped BCP made of rolled sheet of different thicknesses for bending showed that the bearing capacity is limited by the ratio of the thickness of the flanges and the wall of its composite section. In particular, when the thickness of the flanges is 2 times the wall thickness, the strength is maximum at a ratio of width to height of 1/11, and when the thickness of the flanges is 0.6 times the wall thickness, the strength is maximum at a ratio of 1/3.3. With the ratios of the width and height of I-shaped BCP of 1/2.68...1/3 and channel-type BCPs of 1/5.36...1/6, their composite sections should be optimally assembled from standardized blanks.


About the authors

Alexander S. Marutyan

Pyatigorsk Institute (branch) of the North Caucasus Federal University

Author for correspondence.
Email: al_marut@mail.ru
SPIN-code: 8528-9956
56 Prospekt 40 let Oktyabrya, Pyatigorsk, 357500, Russian Federation

teacher, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor

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