Cover Page


The beginning of the 21th century was a difficult historic period for Russia. It was the reorganization of the armed forces of the country that was the primary task after the defeat in the war with Japan. The problem of the military reform in the Russian Empire in the period between the Russian-Japanese War and World War I (1905-1914) was raised both in the Russian and foreign historiography. In spite of such a wide range of issues reviewed in historiography, there are practically no studies in which there was fully considered such a complex of financial documents like Estimates of the Ministry of War of the Russian Empire in 1909-1914. The estimates of the Ministry of War of the Russian Empire are an important historical source and they contain information on the funds which were at the disposal of the Main Departments of the Ministry. This information can be used in the process of studying of the issues related to the funding of transformations of the Russian army on the eve of the First World War. Especially informative in this regard could be the estimates of the Main Artillery Department, for they contain information on financial resources allocated for manufacturing of firearms, cold weapon and rearmament of artillery units. These are important parts of the process of reorganization of the military assets. The author draws the readers’ attention to the estimates of the Main Artillery Department of the Ministry of War: their analysis and structure (within the main paragraphs, presented in the document), a number of conclusions on the main directions of financing: artillery, machine guns, hand guns and cold weapon, production of gunpowder and ammunition, as well as the conclusions in relation to the issue of the reorganization of the armed forces of Russia on the eve of the First World War.

About the authors

Mikhail G Dubrovin

State Academic University for the Humanities Sciences

Author for correspondence.
26, Maronovsky Pereulok, Moscow, 119049, Russia

Post-graduate student of the Department of Source Studies and Special Historical Disciplines at State Academic University for the Humanities Sciences


  1. Barsukov EZ. Podgotovka Rossii k mirovoi voine v artilleriiskom otnoshenii [Russia’s preparing for a World War in artillery scope]. Moscow; 1926 (in Russian).
  2. Barsukov EZ. Artilleriya russkoi armii (1900-1917 gg.) [Artillery of the Russian army (1900-1917)]. Moscow; 1948 (in Russian).
  3. Manikovskii AA. Boevoe snabjenie russkoi armii v Mirovuyu voinu [Battle Supply of the Russian Army during the World War]. Moscow; 1930 (in Russian).
  4. Zaionchkovskii AM. Mirovaya voina 1914-1918 gg. Obshchii strategicheskii ocherk [The World War of 1914-1918. General strategic outline]. Moscow; 1924 (in Russian).
  5. Zaionchkovskii AM. Podgotovka Rossii k imperialisticheskoi voine. Ocherki voennoi podgotovki i pervonachal’nykh planov [Preparation of Russia for the imperialist war. Essays on military training and initial plans]. Moscow; 1926 (in Russian).
  6. Florinsky Michael T. The Russian Mobilization of 1914. Political Science Quarterly. New York, 1927: 203-227.
  7. Golovin N. The Russian War Plan of 1914. The Slavonic and East European Review. London, 1936: 564-584.
  8. Beskrovnyi LG. Armiya i flot Rossii v nachale XX veka [The Russian army and navy in the early 20th century]. Moscow; 1986 (in Russian).
  9. Kersnovskii AA. Istoriya russkoi armii v 4-kh tomakh. Tom tretii 1881-1915 gg. [History of the Russian Army]. Moscow, 1994; 3 (in Russian).
  10. Korolev MA. Preobrazovanie armii i flota Rossiiskoi imperii v kontekste voennykh reform: vtoraya polovina XIX - nachalo XX vv.: Istoricheskoe issledovanie [Transformation of the army and navy of the Russian Empire in the context of military reforms: the second half of the XIX - early XX centuries: Historical research: PhD thesis abstract]. Moscow; 2009 (in Russian).
  11. Polikarpov VV. Gosudarstvennoe proizvodstvo vooruzheniya v Rossii (1905 g. - fevral’ 1917g.): Istoricheskoe issledov [State arms production in Russia (1905 - February 1917): Historical research: PhD thesis abstract]. Moscow; 1986 (in Russian).
  12. Sidorov AL. Finansovoe polozhenie Rossii v gody pervoi mirovoi voiny [The financial situation of Russia during the First World War]. Moscow; 1960 (in Russian).
  13. Shatsillo KF. Ot Portsmutskogo mira k Pervoi mirovoi voine. Generaly i politika [From the Portsmouth peace to the First World War. Generals and politics]. Moscow; 2000 (in Russian).
  14. Gatrell P. Government, industry and rearmament in Russia, 1909-1914: the last argument of tsarism. Cambridge, 1994.
  15. Menning Bryus U. Pulyaishtyk. Armiya Rossiiskoi imperii, 1861-1914 [Bullet and bayonet. Army of the Russian Empire, 1861-1914]. Moscow; 2016 (in Russian).
  16. Wohlforth William Curty, The Perception of Power. Russia in Pre-1914 Balance. World Politics. Cambridge; 1987: 353-381.
  17. Gatrell P. The tsarist economy 1850-1917. London; 1986.
  18. Kozhevnikova GV Reorganizatsiya upravleniya russkoi armii nakanune Pervoi mirovoi voiny, 1910-1914 gg. [Reorganization of the Russian army’s administration on the eve of the First World War, 1910-1914: PhD thesis]. Moscow; 2000 (in Russian).
  19. Fedoseev SL. Pulemety Russkoi armii v boyu [Machine guns of the Russian army in battle]. Moscow; 2008 (in Russian).
  20. Golovin NN. Voennye usiliya Rossii v Mirovoi voine [Russia’s military efforts in World War II]. Paris; 1939 (in Russian).



Abstract - 24616

PDF (Russian) - 342




Copyright (c) 2017 Dubrovin M.G.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies