The research object is the sociopolitical foundations of sustainable development in China. Research subject is the problem of inequality as one of the obstacles to sustainable development in China. In the article, different aspects of the issue are reviewed in the context of sustainable development, especially through the requirements of the UN Agenda 2030. These aspects include income inequality, inequality in education and health care, gender inequality. It is shown that despite the improvement trend in some specific aspects, the inequality gap in China is still large, further reduction of the inequality level remains one of the main tasks for achieving sustainable development goals in China.

Zhan Zhang

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
Institute of Asian and African Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University Mokhovaya str., 11/1, 125009, Moscow, Russia

Чжан Чжань - аспирантка кафедры политологии Востока Института стран Азии и Африки Московского государственного университета имени М.В. Ломоносова (КНР)

  • OON. Rezoljucija, prinjataja General'noj Assambleej 25 sentjabrja 2015 goda, A/70/L.1, 2015. 44 s.
  • CIA, The world factbook. Available at:
  • United Nations development programme. Human development reports. Available at: (accessed 22 August 2017).
  • Sun C. et al. The inequalities of public utility products in China: From the perspective of the Atkinson index. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2015; Vol. 51. P. 751—760.
  • 国家统计局 [Statistical communique of the People's Republic of China]. Available at:
  • 定军,来莎莎. “十三五”城市群大修编 将建设十九个城市群. [Revision of the 13 th Five year plan: 19 urban agglomeration will be built]. 21 世纪经济报道. 2016 年 5 月 5 日. Available at:
  • 顾佳峰,减少不平等与可持续发展 [Inequality reduction and sustainable development within and among countries]. 2016; 182 页.
  • 顾佳峰,私人教育投入差距挑战教育公平 [Private education investment gap challenges education equity],东方早报,2014 年 4 月 8 日 B07 版
  • 中国经济网. 蔡昉:义务教育应扩大到高中和学前教育阶段 [Cai Fang: Compulsory education should be extended to high school and preschool education]. Available at:
  • 中国人类发展报告 2016 [China national human development report 2016]. 2016. 159 页.
  • 牛文元主编. 2015 世界可持续发展报告 [Annual report for world sustainable development 2015],科学出版社,2015. 300 页.
  • 中华人民共和国国民经济和社会发展第十一个五年规划纲要 [The eleventh five-year plan for social and economic development in PRC], 国务院公报,2006 年第 12 号. Available at:
  • 中国国民经济和社会发展第十三个五年 规划纲要 [The thirteenth five-year plan for social and economic development in PRC]. Available at: 2016-03/17/content_38053101_10.htm


Abstract - 27

PDF (Russian) - 4

Copyright (c) 2017 Zhang Z.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.