SELF AND OTHER IN THE PHILOSOPHICAL-RELIGIOUS DISCOURSES OF CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM

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Abstract


The article introduces a philosophical examination of the dichotomy of Self and Other in the contemporary analysis of Christianity and Islam. Reviewing the phenomenon of the Other, the author refers to God as the object and the subject of the relationship “Human - Absolution” at the same time. The author reveals philosophical and religious ideas of the two world religions in the context of the historical development of their theological doctrines. The author discusses shared and specific religious ideas in the religious anthropology and epistemology of Islam and Christianity. Special attention is paid to religious ideas that contribute to the relationship of man and God in the individual’s strive towards achieving the unity with the Absolution. Moral categories of compassion, mercy, forgiveness, mutual understanding are pre-sented as the linking stages among the subject, Self, God, and the Other. The author emphasizes the philo-sophical-anthropological ideas, reflecting the fine line of the relations between the divine and human, when the Other becomes internally inherent, personal, spiritually enlightening the individual Self.


O V Chistyakova

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
olgachis@yandex.ru
RUDN University (Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia) 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Str., 117198, Moscow, Russian Federation

Чистякова Ольга Васильевна - доктор философских наук, профессор кафедры социальной философии Российского университета дружбы народов

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