Metaphysics of Humaneness: From Humanism and Humanitarianism to Design Culture

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Abstract


Human in man can be considered from ethical and metaphysical points of view. In metaphysical terms, humaneness stands for the free development of the creative spirit of man manifested in the totality of his being. The author considers man as an opportunity to become a man, to find humaneness. In other words, the man who is the aim and the project for himself, has yet to fulfill his potential in its otherness. This is a project of the self or sketch presence. The possible in man has not yet become the real existence, it is a part of his being which is slipping away from him every time. The man himself sets priorities and ways of achieving his humaneness. He produces a draft of his existence scheduled for construction in the future and corrected in the course of life. Martin Heidegger redefines the meaning of humanism, exposing it to criticism from the perspective of fundamental ontology. The author, having agreed with the principal statements of Heidegger's phenomenology, does not share some of its provisions, namely: the idea of the rule of thought by being, the thesis about man's dependence on the location of being, characterization of existence as human substance. In particular, the article argues that the human in man is determined not by being as such, but free choice of the individual. Man himself accounts for his existence, and it depends only on him how well he follows his essence, recognizing or rejecting the demands of being.

J M Reznik

reznik-um@mail.ru
The Institute of Philosophy of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Department of Philosophy The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration Vernadskogo pr-t, 82, Moscow, Russia, 119571

References in Roman alphabet are in a PDF file of the article

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