MANIFESTATIONS OF FRAILTY IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CORONARY SYNDROME

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Abstract


Background. Frailty is a high-priority issue in cardiovascular medicine because of the aging of patients. It reflects the complex functional disorders and is associated with high morbidity and adverse outcomes. The aim of the study was to examination prevalence of frailty, its associations with mortality and hemorrhagic risk in elderly patients with ACS. Materials and methods. In 130 patients ≥ 75 years (82,7 ± 4,7 years, arterial hypertension (AH) 91,5%, previous myocardial infarction (MI) 32,3%, atrial fibrillation 32,3%, diabetes 26,9%, admitted with MI 75,4% or unstable angina 24,6%, frailty (national validated questionnaire), nutritional status (Mini Nutrition Assessment), cognitive function (Mini Mental State Examination) were assessed. Results. Mean score on a national validated questionnaire was 2,9 ± 1,4 points. Only 8.5% of patients responded negatively to all questionnaire questions. None of the patients had 7 points. 6,2, 19,2, 32,3, 23,8, 6,9 and 3,1% patients had 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 points. 8,5% of the patients were non-frail, 25,4% pre-frail and 66,1% frail. Patients with frailty were more likely women, had higher incidence of AH, MI in this hospitalization, GFR < 60 ml/min/1,73 m2. Conclusion. Frailty occured in 66,1% of elderly patients with ACS, was associated with increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases.


About the authors

N N Soseliya

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: nini.soseliya@mail.ru

post-graduate student of the Department of Internal Diseases with a course of cardiology and functional diagnostics named after academician V.S. Moiseev

N K Bagmanova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: nini.soseliya@mail.ru

S V Villevalde

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: nini.soseliya@mail.ru

Z D Kobalava

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: nini.soseliya@mail.ru

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Copyright (c) 2018 Soseliya N.N., Bagmanova N.K., Villevalde S.V., Kobalava Z.D.

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