ELECTRONIC CIVIL PROCEEDINGS IN INDONESIA, THAILAND, MALAYSIA

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Abstract


Electronic court proceedings are now becoming a prerequisite for the effective functioning of the entire judicial system. The introduction of digital technologies in the judicial process is one of the tasks of reform, and its speed, cost-effectiveness and accessibility depend on it. The research purpose of this article is to identify common positive and negative features of the process of integrating modern technologies into civil proceedings in Indonesia, Thailand, and Malaysia. It is proved that: 1) Legal regulation of application of technical means in civil proceedings are not often in line with modern realities; 2) It is necessary to create conditions to secure judicial form of protection of rights and lawful interests by means of digital technologies; 3) The judicial form of protection of rights online is a guarantee of its implementation; 4) Implementation of procedural actions with the help of digital technical means needs simplification; 5) The general trend in reforming the civil process is wider application of artificial intelligence technologies. Comparative legal analysis of foreign legislation and literature demonstrates different levels of e-justice achievement in the countries under study, among which Malaysia is a leader in integrating modern information and telecommunications technology in civil proceedings; 6) The level of implementation of the digital agenda varies depending on the type of legal proceedings.


About the authors

Ekaterina P. Rusakova

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: rusakova-ep@rudn.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Candidate of Legal Science, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Civil Law and Procedural Law and Private International Law, Law Institute

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