POST-SOVIET CENTRAL ASIA AND AFGHANISTAN AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE MAJOR ASIAN STATES’ INTERESTS

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Abstract


The article is analyzing the current situation in Afghanistan; it reveals the challenges and risks that emanate from this conflict zone and affect the security sphere of the five post-Soviet states of Central Asia (CA) and their Asian neighbors. Attention is paid to the growth of drug trafficking and the terrorist threat from Afghanistan by the “Islamic state” (IS, a terrorist group banned in Russia). The diplomatic initiatives taken by Russia, China, and other states to achieve national reconciliation in Afghanistan are considered. Military-political and economic projects in Central Asia (“One Belt, One Way”, and “China-Pakistan Economic Corridor”), which are alternatives to the Russia-initiated integration in the sphere of economy (Eurasian Economic Union - EAEU) and security (the Collective Security Treaty Organization - CSTO) are analyzed taking into account the rivalry within the China-India-Pakistan triangle. In connection with the recent changes in the Asian strategy of the United States, the peculiarities of India-Pakistan interaction with the post-Soviet states of Central Asia and with Afghanistan have been revealed. The chronological framework of the article is а period following the partial withdrawal from Afghanistan in 2014 of the American military contingent, brought to the beginning of 2018, when a new geopolitical reality began to form in the Central Asian region.


About the authors

Dina Borisovna Malysheva

Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relation

Author for correspondence.
Email: dsheva@mail.ru

Doctor of Political Sciences, Head of Section, Centre for Post-Soviet Studies, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relation, Russian Academy of Sciences

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