No 2 (2015)

Articles
GEO-ECONOMICS: METHOD OF COGNITION TO THE METHOD STEPS
Strygin A.V.
Abstract
The article discusses the emergence of the concept of geo-economics and relationship with geopolitics and transformation of the world economy and international economic relations. Particular attention is paid to the role of geo-economics at the present stage of confrontation economies of East and West. The article deals with the causes and consequences of economic competition of the three centers of the world: Western Europe, North America and the Far East. Explained the real reasons for the imposition of economic sanctions against Russia.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):7-13
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RUSSIAN PRODUCTION TIES DEVELOPMENT IN CONDITIONS OF REGIONAL INTEGRATION
Sopilko N.U.
Abstract
The author analyzes development of «production ties» term and defines its meaning in modern economy, she also emphasizes main factors influencing production ties. Production cooperation is the most wide - spread and effective way of production ties of enterprises, it consolidates economic interests of economic entities of all levels. The author analyses main directions of Russian production ties development and defines production cooperation of Russia with other countries in the conditions of regional integration.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):14-24
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PERSPECTIVES AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF IMPLEMENTATION OF SMART GRID SYSTEMSIN RUSSIA AND THE WORLD
Gomonov K.G.
Abstract
The article examines trends in the development of the energy sector of Russia and obtaining economic efficiency through the use of modern technical base energy management scenarios which are described the modernization of the electricity sector of Russia, stated the problem of decentralization of generating capa­city. The basis of foreign experience shows the potential economic effects. In the article are shown various scenarios of implementation of intellectual energy system. On the basis of studies of Russian Science Aca­demy article presents forecast economic efficiency through modernization and the introduction of smart grids in Russia.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):25-35
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GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS IN THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY: MODERN TRENDS
Volgina N.A., Vozmilova S.S.
Abstract
The article deals the issues connected with the functioning of global value chain in the automotive industry, which is developing in the sector during last 30 years. The authors pay their attention on the specific features of the structure in the automotive global value chain and its governance. The article stresses that there is a shift from a chain driven by producer to a chain driven by consumer, that could be explained the increasing competition in the world car market. The article also identifies some trends concerning relations between OEMs and their suppliers; these ties are becoming much more close and different level supplies are becoming responsible for different production functions with different levels of responsibility. The article also underlines new trends in geographical location of automotive industry with a special attention to Chinа and India role in the process. The article concludes that all the government support automotive industry in order to limit competition and support local producers during crisis.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):36-48
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ECONOMIC MECHANISM OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN GERMAN ELECTRICITY AS SOLUTION OF AIR POLLUTION
Mironova M.N., Samokhvalova D.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the measures to solution the problem of air pollution in Germany. The most significant of all the sources of air pollution is thermal power generation. Analysis of the dynamics of greenhouse gas emissions in 1990-2012 in Germany showed a positive trend in its reduction, mainly due to their reduction in the electricity sector. The results of the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Germany and major public policy measures in 2000 contributed to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions as a result of reforms in the power sector. They are caused mainly by the practice of economic instruments aimed at structural changes in the production of electricity with orientation to alternative energy sources.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):49-58
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STRATEGIC PLANNING AND ITS ROLE IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS IN AFRICAN COUNTRIES
Pashkova E.V., Herve T.R.
Abstract
The articles is set towards these goals - to explore the place and role of strategic planning in the implementation of infrastructure projects with the help of public-private partnerships in Africa. The article analyses the basic steps of strategic planning at the municipal level, including the identification of problems, identification of stakeholders, designed to solve these problems, obtaining consensus among the various sectors. Considered setting goals, case studies, improvement and coordination of the delivery of services involved in the planning of society and the private sector. Revealing the role of PPPs in infrastructure development and poverty alleviation in African countries.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):59-65
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ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN TANZANIA: FEATURES AND TRENDS
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia I.A., Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia E.S.
Abstract
The article analyses the specificity of modern development sectors of the national economy of Tanzania and the pace of their development, which should be based on internal resources, but use positive external impulses. The article described the country’s economic development indicators in the dynamics in the period 1970-2013 gg. in comparison with those in neighboring countries. It analyses the situation in agriculture and industry. It is shown that Tanzania is a country attractive for foreign investment due to political stability, favorable investment legislation.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):66-77
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PUBLIC DEBT AND ITS MANAGEMENT IN THE REPUBLIC OF COTE D’IVOIRE
Ruzina E.I., Kpakpo G.
Abstract
This article discusses about methods and the importance of minimizing public debt - external and internal debts - for the development of the republic of Cote d’Ivoire. It also details factors which contribute to the growth of the public debt and proposes recommendations for its minimization. In the conclusion it concluded by explaining how the presence of a large amount of public debt led to a lack of resources for the development of the country. At the same time, in my opinion, the program to reduce public debt is yet to efficiently respond to challenges the country faces due to debt burden in order to foster sustainable economic and social development in the country.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):78-84
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PARTICIPATION OF THE BANKING SECTOR IN CREDITING SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN THE REGIONSOF RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Babich S.G.
Abstract
The article discusses the dynamics of the volume of loans provided by the Russian banking sector to small and medium-sized enterprises; has been an increase in lending in the majority of subjects of the Russian Federation and highlights regions that are, leaders in terms of lending to small and medium-sized enterprises in absolute terms and per facility. In the study of the structure of loans provided by commercial banks to small and medium-sized businesses, there is a concentration in the Central Federal District. The essential relationship between the trafficking of small and medium-sized enterprises from the sale of goods and the amount granted to them by the banking sector loans in the subjects of the Russian Federation. Produced by grouping regions largest calculate an index of lending to small and medium-sized businesses demonstrates their significant differentiation in the market lending to small and medium-sized enterprises
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):85-95
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SPECIFIC FEATURES OF INNOVATION SYSTEM FORMATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Kolotyrina E.A.
Abstract
Achievements of the Korean economy are the result of performance of the Korean innovation system. The article describes the path of national innovation system development of the Republic of Korea. The study identifies factors of the Korean success: close cooperation between the state, business and scientific community; leading role in the innovation process of small and medium-sized enterprises; specific forms of technology transfer; the creation of innovation clusters; strategic government regulation of the innovation system. However, the Korean innovation model has revealed its limitations: the necessity of further restructuring of chaebol, the paucity of venture capital institutions, the necessity of creation of innovative potential in many fields of science and technology. The basic lessons that can be learned from the experience of the Republic of Korea are formulated.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):96-105
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DEVELOPMENT ISSUES OF THE COMPETITIVE COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT. RUSSIAN AND INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT EXPERIENCE
Lopatkin R.V.
Abstract
The search for new points of growth in high-tech and knowledge-intensive industries, to which belongs the Commercial Aircraft Industry, is undoubtedly important for the modern Russian economy that experiences an influence of number long ago voiced, studied and unsolved problems of ineffective production structure. The article designated to the Commercial Aircraft development and production problems with the greatest impact on the formation of a conceptual product competitiveness, identifies key elements for the development strategy of creating and bringing to market a new product. The analysis shows that the strategy of product development and sales financing, coupled with the properly stated objectives of product development after the start of production, play a major role in the formation of a competitive product.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):106-115
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THE IMPACT OF THE SEA LEVEL RISE ON THE EUROPEAN UNION PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRANSPORT BY AIR
Sorokin L.V., Mondello G.
Abstract
An estimation of airport infrastructure flooding has been done for the stationary levels of the sea-level rise (from 1 m to 65 m). It was found that airport network is situated close to the coastline and it is very sensitive to the sea-level rise. So the sea-level rise up to 1 m will lead to flooding of 7 airports (0,08%), and reduction of air traffic (passenger 3,5%, freight 9,9%). Further sea-level rise up to 6 m (in the present time the Global Surface Air Temperature is 0,8 °С higher then pre-industrial level) will lead to flooding of 80 airports (9,2%) and 13,6% air traffic reduction. The EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change assume that the global warming must be limited to below 2 °C above pre-industrial level, that within some ages will lead to the sea-level rise up to 15 m, this corresponds to flooding of 172 airports (19,9%), and reduction of air traffic (passenger 20,4%, freight 14,7%). The EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change does not assume the sea-level rise above 1 m, so in the near future that could lead to the huge economic losses.
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):116-123
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NAShI AVTORY
- -.
Abstract
RUDN Journal of Economics. 2015;(2):124-125
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