MODEL FOR FORECASTING OF VOLUME AND STRUCTURE “GREY IMPORT”

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Abstract


The revenues of the Federal budget of the Russian Federation to a significant extent, is formed at the expense of customs payments. Hence, in the case of large amounts of “gray import”, the state’s economy can be significantly affected. The performance measures against “gray import” depends on the timely and adequate prediction of its structure and volumes. This forecast assumes the availability of appropriate models. However, the currently known models do not provide the timeliness and adequacy of the forecast.The article suggests a model for the current prediction of volume and structure of “gray import”. The model allowed stochastic representation of the “gray imports”, simulating the processes of its formation. This simulation allows more adequately than the commonly used regression and expert models, considering available information about the “gray import” and thereby improves prediction accuracy its volume and structure. The information basis of the proposed model are data of the risk management system of the Federal customs service of the Russian Federation. The application of the proposed model allows near real-time to predict the structure and volume of “gray imports” and on this basis to develop the necessary measures to counter it.


V G Anisimov

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
an-33@yandex.ru
Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University Polytechnic str., 29, St. Petersburg, Russia, 195251

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor of the Department of Information Systems in Economics and Management, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, Peter the Great

E G Anisimov

an-33@rambler.ru
Russian customs academy Komsomolsky Avenue, 4, Lyubertsy, Moscow Region, Russia, 140009

Doctor of technical sciences, Professor, Director of the Research Institute of the RTA

M R Gapov

mgapov@gmail.com
Ministry of Economic Development of Karachay-Cherkess Republic Komsomolskaya str., 23, Cherkessk, Russia, 369000

Candidate of Economic Sciences, Deputy Minister of Economic Development of Karachay-Cherkess Republic

T N Saurenko

tanya@saurenko.ru
Peoples’ friendship University of Russia Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Doctor of Economics, Head of the Department of Customs at RUDN University

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