Forecasting the environmental effects of air pollution with landfill gas in residential areas

Cover Page

Abstract


In the article the prediction of ecological consequences of contamination of components of the landfill gas air to a residential building, located on the territory close to the landfill. A method for calculating the dispersion of landfill gas taking into account the influence of the building, based on the numerical solution of differential equations, heat transfer, Reynolds, exponential distribution, supplemented by corresponding models of turbulence, initial and boundary conditions. The technique allows to take into account the spatial heterogeneity of landfills and rolling pins as the source of the pollutant, as well as the process of penetration of polluted air into the interference. Performed software implementation and verification of the method on the example of the range “Novoselki” (Saint Petersburg) and the adjacent warehouse buildings and residential complex for the most unfavourable wind conditions taking into account the averaging over time. The ecological and toxicological analysis of landfill gas taking into account its main components, and also the analysis of carcinogenic and noncarcinogenic risk at chronic influence on the abstract person living in the room in which the air polluted by landfill gas penetrates is carried out. The results can be used to determine the amount of maximum permissible emissions of landfill gas components, the scale moat sanitary protection zones of landfills and dumps, detecting the identification of the most polluted places on the street and indoors, the health risk assessment of residents as a result of chronic action of toxic substances, the syndrome of “sick building” caused by penetration of contaminated air into the room through openings in the walling, the solution of applied problems of ecological safety of construction, housing and communal services and public health.


About the authors

Arthur Valerevich Sauts

Saint-Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics

Author for correspondence.
Email: mining_expert@mail.com
SPIN-code: 5191-0602
44 Lermontovsky prospect, litera A, Saint Petersburg, 190103, Russian Federation

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor of Marketing and Social Communications Department, Private Educational Institution of Higher Education “Saint Petersburg University of Management Technologies and Economics”.

References

  1. Order of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation of June 06, 2017 No. 273 On approval of calculation methods for dispersion of emissions of harmful (polluting) substances in the atmospheric air.
  2. Sauts AV. Ensuring environmentally safe air regime of buildings located near landfills for solid household and industrial waste (dissertation of cand. tech. sciences). Saint Petersburg; 2014.
  3. Teverovsky EI, Ternovsky IA. Permissible emissions of radioactive and harmful chemicals into the surface layer of the atmosphere. Moscow: Energoatomizdat Publ.; 1980.
  4. Hygienic standard GN 2.1.6.3492-17. Maximum Permissible Concentrations (MPCs) of Pollutants in the Air of Urban and Rural Settlements.
  5. Balakhchina TK. Assessment of the impact of landfill gas from solid waste landfills on humans. Physiology. The medicine. Human ecology. 2012;(2): 41—57.
  6. Lazarev N, Levina E et al. Harmful substances in industry. Handbook for chemists, engineers and doctors. 7th ed., trans. and add: in 3 vol. Vol. III. Inorganic and elemental substances. Leningrad: Chemistry Publ.; 1977.
  7. Plugotarenko NK, Chizhova VI, Petrov VV et al. Application of risk assessment techniques for environmental quality analysis. Technosphere Safety Technologies. 2014;2(54). http://www.agps2006.narod.ru/ttb/2014-3/30-03-14.ttb.pdf (access date: 25.03.2018).
  8. Guideline R 2.1.10.1920-04. Guidelines for assessing the risk to public health from exposed chemicals that pollute the environment.

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 236

PDF (Russian) - 138

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2018 Sauts A.V.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies