Cover Page


The degree of influence on the biotic component of ecosystems depends on the level of oil contamination present in the soil. To determine the dose-effect, the reaction of living objects of different levels of organization with the use of methods of toxicology, analytical chemistry and ecology was studied. It was found that the concentration of oil in the soil of 200 g/kg and above has a toxic effect on microorganisms: the toxicity index was 38 units, the decomposition rate of benzo [a] pyrene significantly decreases. It was found that increasing the dose of oil pollution nonlinearly affects the conditions of plant development. At the same time, plant components react less actively to changes in the concentration of oil in the soils of the coniferous-broad-leaved subzone than in the soils of the southern taiga. The use of Daphnia magna Straus as a test object showed that for animals the soil becomes acute with an oil content of more than 200 g/kg soil. Thus, a dose-effect is shown for microorganisms, plants and animals with oil contamination of various soils.

S A Buzmakov

Principal contact for editorial correspondence.
Perm State University Bukireva str., 15, Perm, Russia, 614990

Buzmakov Sergey Alekseevich - Doctor of Geographical Sciences, Professor; Head of the Department of Biogeocenology and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Geography, Perm State National Research University.

D O Egorova
Perm State University Bukireva str., 15, Perm, Russia, 614990

Egorova Darya Olegovna - Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor; Associate Professor of the Department of Biogeocenology and Nature Conservation, Faculty of Geography, Perm State National Research University.

E L Gatina
Perm State University Bukireva str., 15, Perm, Russia, 614990

Gatina Evgenia Leonidovna - Candidate of Biological Sciences; Associate Professor of the Department of Biogeocenology and Conservation, Faculty of Geography, Perm State National Research University.

  • Filatov D.A., Kopytov M.A., Krivtsov Ye.B., Grin’ko A.A., Altunina L.K. Biotransformatsiya vysokomolekulyarnykh politsiklicheskikh soyedineniya v sostave vysokovyazkikh neftey aborigennoy pochvennoy mikrofloroy [Biotransformation of high-molecular polycyclic compounds in high-viscosity oil composition by aboriginal soil microflora] // Zashchita okruzhayushchey sredy v neftegazovom komplekse [Protection of the environment in the oil and gas complex]. 2014. № 8. P. 32—37.
  • Pinedo J., Ibáñez R., Lijzen J.P.A., Irabien Á. Assesment of soil pollution based on total petroleum hydrocarbons and individual oil substances // Journal of Environmental Management. 2013. V. 130. P. 72—79. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.08.048.
  • Buzmakov S.A. Antropogennaja transformacija prirodnoj sredy [Anthropogenic transformation of the environment] // Geograficheskij vestnik [Geographicheskiy Vestnik]. 2012. No. 4 (23). Pp. 46—50.
  • COM (Commission of the European Communites). Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection, [Sec(2006) 620] and [SEC(2006)1165], COM (2006) 231 final. Commission of the European Communites, Brussels, Belgium, 2006.
  • Davydova S.L., Tagasov V.I. Neft’ i nefteprodukty v okruzhajushhej srede: ucheb. posobie [Oil and petroleum products in the environment: Textbook. Benefit]. M.: Izd-vo RUDN, 2004. 163 p.
  • Zhanburshin E.T. Problemy zagrjaznenija okruzhajushhej sredy neftegazovoj otrasl’ju Respubliki Kazahstan [Pollution oil and gas industry of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. Neft’ i gaz [Oil & Gas]. 2005. No. 2. Pp. 84—92.
  • Oborin A.A., Hmurchik V.T., Ilarionov S.A., Markarova M.Ju., Nazarov A.V. Neftezagrjaznennye biogeocenozy (Processy obrazovanija, nauchnye osnovy vosstanovlenija, mediko-biologicheskie problemy) [Oily biogeocoenoses (formation processes, the scientific basis of recovery, medical and biological problems)]. Perm: UB RAS; Perm. gos. un-t; Perm. gos. tehn. un-t., 2008. 511 p.
  • Solnceva N.P. Dobycha nefti i geohimija prirodnyh landshaftov [Oil and geochemistry of natural landscapes]. M.: Moscow State University, 1998. 376 p.
  • Khaustov A.P., Redina M.M. Politsiklicheskiye aromaticheskiye uglevodorody kak geokhimicheskiye markery neftyanogo zagryazneniya okruzhayushchey sredy [Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons as geochemical markers of oil pollution of the environment] // Ekspozitsiya Neft’ Gaz [Exposition Oil Gas]. 2014. № 4 (36). S. 92—96.
  • Liste H.H., Prutz I. Plant Performance, Dioxygenase-Expressing Rhizosphere Bacteria, and Biodegradation of Weathered Hydrocarbons in Contaminated Soil // Chemosphere. 2006. V. 62(9). P. 1411—20. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.05.018.
  • Pinedo J., Ibáñez R., Primo Ó., Gómez P., Irabien Á. Preliminary assessment of soil contamination by hydrocarbon storage activities: Main site investigation selection // Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2014. V. 147. P. 283—290.
  • Sushkova S., Minkina T., Turina I., Mandzhieva S., Bauer T., Kizilkaya R., Zamulina I. Monitoring of benzo[a]pyrene content in soils under the effect of long-term technogenic pollution // Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2017. V. 174. P. 100—106.
  • Xing X., Qi S., Zhang J., Wu Ch., Zhang Y., Yang D., Odhiambo J.O. Spatial distribution and source diagnosis of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils from Chengdu Economic Region, Sichuan Province, western China // Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2011. V. 110. P. 146—154.
  • Zhang J., Dai J., Chen H., Du X., Wang W., Wang R. Petroleum contamination in groundwater/air and its effects on farmland soil in the outskirt of an industrial city in China // Journal of Geochemical Exploration. 2012. V. 118. P. 19—29.
  • Metody pochvennoj mikrobiologii i biohimii / Pod red. D.G. Zvjaginceva [Methods of Soil Microbiology and Biochemistry / Ed. D.G. Zvyagintsev]. Moscow: Moscow State University,1991. 304 p.
  • Anon., In: Sokolov, A. (Ed.), Agrochemicalmethods of soil study. Science Publishing. Moscow, 1975 (in Russian).
  • ISO 13877–2005. Soil Quality — Determination of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons — Method Using High-performance Liquid Chromatography. 2005. 20 p. doi: 10.1016/j.trac.2006.05.010.
  • Pikovskii Y. Natural and Technogenic Fluxes of Hydrocarbons in the Environment. Moscow: MGU, 1993 (in Russian).
  • Directive document 52.10.556-95. Methodical Instructions. Definition of Polluting Substances in Sediments and Suspension. Moscow: Roshydromet, 2002 (in Russian).
  • Anon., Procedure of measurements benz(a)pyrene content in soils, sediments and sludges by highly effective liquid chromatography method. Certificate 27–08. Moscow: Russian State Standard Publishing House, 2008. P. 56 (in Russian).
  • Borodulina T.S., Polonskii V.I., Vlasova E.S., Shashkova T.L., Grigor’ev Yu.S. Effect of Oil-Pollution of Water on Slow Fluorescence of the Algae Chlorella vulgaris Beijer and Survival Rate of the Cladoceran Daphnia magna Str. // Contemporary Problems of Ecology. 2011. V. 4 (1). P. 80—83. doi: 10.1134/S1995425511010139.
  • Sushkova S.N., Minkina T.M., Mandzhieva S.S., Tjurina I.G. Elaboration and Approbation of Methods for Benzo[a]pyrene Extraction from Soils for Monitoring of the Ecological State in Technogenic Landscapes // World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013. V. 25 (10). P. 1432—1437. doi: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.25.10.11237.
  • MR 01.019-07. Opredeleniye integral’noy toksichnosti pochv s pomoshch’yu biotesta «Ekolyum» [MR 01.019-07, Determination of integrated soil toxicity with the help of bioassay “Ecolum”]. M.: Federal’nyy tsentr gigiyeny i epidemiologii Rospotrebnadzora [M.: Federal Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor], 2007.
  • Shen W., Zhu N., Cui J., Wang H., Dang Z., Wu P., Luo Y., Shi С. Ecotoxicity monitoring and bioindicator screening of oil-ontaminated soil during bioremediation // Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2016. V. 124. P. 120—128.
  • Liste H.H. Rhizosphere bacteria community and petrol hydrocarbon (PHC) biodegradation in soil planted to field crops // Geograficheskiy vestnik. 2011. V. 1 (16). S. 73—84.
  • Qin W., Zhu Y., Fan F., Wang Y., Liu X., Ding A., Dou J. Biodegradation of benzo(a)pyrene by Microbacterium sp. strain under denetrification: Degradation pathway and effects of limiting electron acceptors or carbon source // Biochemical Engineering Journal. 2017. V. 121. P. 131—138.


Abstract - 18

PDF (Russian) - 4

Copyright (c) 2017 Buzmakov S.A., Egorova D.O., Gatina E.L.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.