AVIFAUNA OF THE LAKES SYSTEMS IN THE DELTA OF THE SYRDARYA RIVER (LAKE CARTMA)

Abstract


Presents results of a study of bird population of lake Kartma as part of the restoring of the ornithological complex of the Aral sea region. The information obtained in the course of this work, can serve as a starting point for monitoring community ornithocenosis lake systems of the Delta of the river Syrdarya. Was 49 species of birds of the 8 units. The total density is 1155,9 ind./km2. The majority of birds nesting on lake Kartma, belongs to the ecological group of limnophilic and trophic group - entomophages. Positive process taking place in the last decade and is associated with water-bearing role of the Syr Darya in the maintenance of coastal ecosystems to sposobstvuyuschyy unique objects of the Aral sea region. Lake systems of the Syrdarya Delta in 2012 is included in the list of wetlands of world importance, protected by the international Ramsar Convention. The studies were carried out to study ornithine lake Karma, the problem of the determination of the residence status of bird species in the area of recovery of the coastal strip. The lake is characterized by a comparatively small number of birds and low population density of waterfowl. The dominant density of habitation here are birds of wetlands. There were three species listed in the Red book of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Information are new for the studied object.

About the authors

N S Sihanova

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

Kremlyovskaya str., 18, Kazan, Russia, 420008

I I Rakhimov

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University

Kremlyovskaya str., 18, Kazan, Russia, 420008

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Copyright (c) 2016 Сиханова Н.С., Рахимов И.И.

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