The impact of the heat supply industry on the level of energy efficiency of industrial territories and regions of Russia

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One of the most important areas for improving Russian economy under the influence of sanctions pressure is to increase the level of energy efficiency in the consumption of fuel and energy resources. The aim of the study is to study the place and role of the Russian economy in the process of forming the world fuel and energy balance. An analysis of the data on the production and consumption of fuel and energy resources by Russia emphasized that the country occupies a leading position in terms of reserves, production volumes, consumption and exports of global fuel and energy resources, while the efficiency of energy consumption in the country is significantly behind the world average, which negatively affects the internal economic processes taking place in the country and requires the search for solutions to increase the level of energy efficiency. Research analyzes analyzes the volume of thermal energy consumption in Russia in comparison with the global scale, as a result it was revealed that the annual volume of thermal energy consumption in Russia is 11 times more than, for example, in Germany, 12.5 times more than in the USA, 12.7 times more than in Kazakhstan, which underlines the significant contribution of the heat supply industry to the lag in the level of energy efficiency of the Russian economy from the indicators of most countries. Analysis of the statistical data of average temperatures in various countries of the world, as well as the federal districts of the country, revealed the influence of the climatic factor on the volume of thermal energy consumption in Russia, which determines the impossibility of excluding the consumption of thermal energy to maintain the functioning of the Russian economy. The main result of the study is the revealed high role of the Russian economy in shaping the global fuel and energy balance, as well as the need to increase the level of energy efficiency of fuel and energy consumption. The materials suggest the improvement of alternative replacement models for consumed primary and secondary fuel and energy resources. As an energy replacement resource, it is proposed to use electric energy in the system of combined district heating of industrial areas. The use of electric boilers makes it possible to increase the energy efficiency of integrated energy supply, enhance the environmental friendliness of heat supply, and reduce the cost of the economy for centralized heat supply of individual territories.

About the authors

Anatoly P. Dzyuba

South Ural State University (National Research University)

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6319-1316

Doctor of Economics, Senior Researcher at the Department of Economics and Finance, Higher School of Economics and Management

76 Lenina Avenue, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation

Dmitry V. Konopelko

South Ural State University (National Research University)

ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3104-0094

Candidate of the Department of Economics and Finance, Higher School of Economics and Management

76 Lenina Avenue, Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2023 Dzyuba A.P., Konopelko D.V.

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