Investigating the role of the International Monetary Fund in the process of resolving financial crises: case study of Greece

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The economic crisis in the United States and its spread to continental Europe caused a financial crisis in European stock markets, which in turn reduced production in Europe, resulting in rising unemployment, that eventually led to protests against the current economic situation. These political unrests have prompted international and regional governments and financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the European Central Bank to find a way to end this severe financial crisis. Greece, as one of the EU member states that has been affected by this global crisis, has made efforts to improve its economic situation. The main question of this study is to what extent the International Monetary Fund was able to help resolve the financial crisis in Greece? The hypothesis is that due to the conditionality of financial aid from the International Monetary Fund to Greece in crisis and Greece’s lack of attention to the full implementation of austerity programs, such financial aid has not been able to save the Greece economy from financial crisis. One of the aims of this study is to what extent developing countries can rely on IMF recommendations to overcome the financial crisis. The aim of the research is to find out why International Monetary Fund could not adopt proper monetary and financial policy to settle the financial crisis in Greece. Moreover, the reasons behind failed attempts of Greece’s policymakers to implement IMF’s austerity measures in their country are sought.

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Investigating the role of the International Monetary Fund in the process of resolving financial crises: case study of Greece


About the authors

Aref Bijan

St. Petersburg State University

Author for correspondence.

postgraduate student in Political Science and Area Studies, Department of Political Studies

7/9 Universitetskaya Naberezhnaya, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation

Ehsan Ejazi

University of Guilan


PhD in International Relations, lecturer at Department of Political Science

5th Kilometer of Persian Gulf Highway, Rasht, Islamic Republic of Iran


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