Concentration of students in higher education on the map of the Russian Federation

Cover Page

Cite item


The article discusses the effects of concentration of students in the system of higher education in the regions of Russia and methodological approaches to their assessment. The issues of accessibility and inequality in higher education are increasingly being put on the agenda by a number of researchers. Historically, universities are located in large cities, new universities also follow this example, thereby enhancing the effect of concentration. The policy of the Ministry of Education and Science and Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science, aimed at combating low-quality programs and universities, has led to an increase in the concentration of universities in major cities. This fact is confirmed by the calculated Theil and Herfindahl - Hirschman indices and the coefficient of variation. Thus, we can talk about the formation of university oases and deserts. According to performed research, more than half of the territory of the Russian Federation constitutes an educational (university) desert.

About the authors

Niyaz K. Gabdrakhmanov

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Author for correspondence.

PhD (Geography), Associate Professor, Research Fellow of Laboratory for University Development, Institute of Education, Higher School of Economics

20 Myasnitskaya St., Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation


  1. Abbott W.F., Schmid C.F. (1975). University Prestige and First-Time Undergraduate Migration in the United States. Sociology of Education, 48(2), 168-185. doi: 10.2307/2112474
  2. Agasisti T., Dal Bianco A. (2007). Determinants of College Student Migration in Italy: Empirical Evidence from a Gravity Approach. Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network, 8(2), 72-93. doi: 10.2139/ssrn.2097348
  3. Ciriaci D. (2014). Does University Quality Influence the Interregional Mobility of Students and Graduates? The Case of Ital y. Regional Studies , 48 (10), 1592-1608. doi: 10.1080/00343404.2013.821569
  4. Cooke T.J., Boyle P. (2011). The Migration of High School Graduates to College. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 33(2), 202-221. doi: 10.3102/0162373711399092
  5. Faggian A., McCann P. (2009). Universities, Agglomerations and Graduate Human Capital Mobility. Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie , 100 (2), 210-223. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9663.2009.00530.x
  6. Faggian A., McCann P., Sheppard S. (2007). Human capital, higher education and graduate migration: an analysis of Scottish and Welsh students. Urban Studies, 44(13), 2511-2528. doi: 10.1080/00420980701667177
  7. Findlay A.M. (2011). An Assessment of Supply and Demand-Side Theorizations of International Student Mobility. International Migration, 49(2), 162-190. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2435.2010.00643.x
  8. Karachurina L.B., Mkrtchyan N.V. (2016). Mezhregional’naya migraciya v Rossii: vozrastnye osobennosti [Interregional Migration in Russia: Age Peculiarities]. Demograficheskoe obozrenie, (4), 47-65. (In Russ.)
  9. Katrovskij A.P. (1999). Uchebnaya migraciya v vuzy Rossii: faktory i motivaciya [Academic Migration to Russian Universities: Factors and Motivation]. Migraciya i urbanizaciya v SNG i Baltii v 90-e gody [Migration and urbanization in the CIS and the Baltic States in the 90s.] Moscow: Council on Migration of CIS countries, Center for Demography and Human Ecology, 269-276. (In Russ.)
  10. Klyachko T.L. (2016). Vysshee obrazovanie: bol’she, luchshe ili deshevle? [Higher education: more, better or cheaper?]. Demoskop Weekly, 669-670. (In Russ.)
  11. Knapp T.A., White N.E., Wolaver A.M. (2013). The Returns to Migration: The Influence of Education and Migration Type. Growth and Change, 44(4), 589-607. doi: 10.1111/grow.12022
  12. Kolomak E.A. (2014). Prostranstvennaya koncentraciya ehkonomicheskoj aktivnosti v Rossii [Spatial concentration of economic activity in Russia]. Prostranstvennaya ehkonomika, (4), 82-99. (In Russ.)
  13. Mkrtchyan N.V. Chislennost’ naseleniya kak byudzhetoobrazuyushchij pokazatel’ v regionah i municipal’nyh obrazovaniyah Rossii [Population as a budget-forming indicator in the regions and municipalities of Russia]. Demoskop. (accessed: 05.12.2018). (In Russ.)
  14. Mulder C.H., Clark W.A.V. (2013). Leaving Home for College and Gaining Independence. Environ Plan A, 34(6), 981-999. doi: 10.1068/a34149
  15. Leshukov O.V., Evseeva D.G., Gromov A.D., Platonova D.P. (2017). Ocenka vklada regional’nyh system vysshego obrazovaniya v social’no-ehkonomicheskoe razvitie regionov Rossii [Evaluation of the contribution of regional higher education systems to the socio-economic development of Russian regions]. Moscow: NIU VSHEH [HSE] Publ., 30. (In Russ.)
  16. Prahov I.A. (2017). Determinanty ozhidaemoj otdachi ot vysshego obrazovaniya v Moskve [Determinants of expected returns from higher education in Moscow]. Voprosy obrazovaniya, (1), 25-57. (In Russ.)
  17. Raghuram P. (2013). Theorising the Spaces of Student Migration. Population, Space and Place, 19(2), 138-154. doi: 10.1002/psp.1747
  18. Rozovski G. Universitet. Rukovodstvo dlya vladel’ca. 2-e izd. [University. Owner’s Manual. 2nd ed.]. Moscow: Vysshaya shkola ehkonomiki Publ., 328. (In Russ.)
  19. Smith D.P., Rerat P., Sage J. (2014). Youth Migration and Spaces of Education. Children’s Geographies, 12(1), 1-8. doi: 10.1080/14733285.2013.871801

Copyright (c) 2019 Gabdrakhmanov N.K.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies