Higher education in China: Institutions and mechanisms of the state and party management

Cover Page

Abstract


The higher education of China has achieved significant results in recent years. Therefore, it is important to study management of this system and basic mechanisms used by the party and state institutions. The article is based on the analysis of open data sources, including official documents on the development of the higher education (laws, national programs, projects and plans), and the results of the Russian and Chinese scientific research. The authors consider state and party institutions as a unified system of the education system management: central and local party institutions, party organizations of the central and local government and primary organizations of the party (CPC), central and local executive authorities of the state. Party institutions of the higher education management include executive bodies of the CPC and the local provincial party committees, party organizations of the central and local governments (Ministry of Education and other State Council’s structures, local people’s governments) and primary party committees of universities. State administrative bodies in the higher education include central (State Council of the PRC including Ministry of Education and other institutions) and local administrative bodies (local people’s governments, including education committees of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities under the central government). The main mechanism that determines activities of the party bodies and the state university management system consists of special projects and plans. The authors present five main plans for the development of the higher education system in China and identify their features and goals.


About the authors

T. L Guruleva

Institute of Far Eastern Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Military University of the Russian Ministry of Defense

Author for correspondence.
Email: gurulevatatiana@mail.ru
Nakhimovskii Prosp., 32, Moscow, 117997, Russia; Bolshaya Sadovaya St., 14, Moscow, 125047, Russia

Wang Bing

RUDN University

Email: 1321666299@qq.com
Miklukho-Maklaya St., 6, Moscow, 117198, Russia

References

  1. List of Chinese universities in 2019. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xxgk/ s5743/s5744/201906/t20190617_386200.html (In Chinese).
  2. Guruleva T.L. Sistema obrazovaniya Kitaiskoi Narodnoi Respubliki i rossijsko-kitaiskoe obrazovatelnoe sotrudnichestvo [Education System of the People’s Republic of China and the Russian-Chinese Educational Cooperation]. Moscow; 2018 (In Russ.).
  3. Guruleva T.L. Universitety KNR: sovremennoe sostoyanie i strategiya globalnogo razvitiya do 2035 goda [Universities of the PRC: The current condition and global development strategy until 2035]. Vestnik VGU. Istoriya. Regionovedenie. Mezhdunarodnye Otnosheniya. 2020; 2 (In Russ.).
  4. Guruleva T.L., Bedareva N.I. Sotrudnichestvo Rossii i Kitaya v oblasti sozdaniya setevykh universitetov i sovmestnykh obrazovatelnykh uchrezhdeniy [Cooperation of Russia and China in creating network universities and joint educational institutions]. Vysshee Obrazovanie v Rossii. 2019; 4 (In Russ.).
  5. Karneev A.N. Nekotorye aspekty sovremennogo etapa v razvitii vysshego obrazovaniya v Kitayskoy Narodnoy Respublike [Some aspects of the current stage in the development of the higher education in the People’s Republic of China]. Vestnik BGU. Pedagogika. Filologiya. Filosofiya. 2017; 7 (In Russ.).
  6. Kuznetsova V.V., Mashkina O.A. Proekt “shuan i lyu”: globalizatsiya kitajskogo vysshego obrazovaniya [Globalization of the Chinese higher education: The Shuang-yi-liu project]. Educational Policy. 2019; 4 (In Russ.).
  7. Trotsuk I.V. Diskursivnye reprezentatsii (kapitalisticheskikh) itogov “kitayskogo ekonomicheskogo chuda” [Discursive representations of the (capitalist) results of the ‘Chinese economic miracle’]. Sotsiologicheskoe Obozrenie. 2020; 19 (2) (In Russ.).
  8. Trotsuk I.V. Sravnitelny analiz kak sposob rekonstruktsii mirovoy ekonomicheskoy istorii, ili Pochemu Kitay ne stal kapitalisticheskim odnovremenno s Evropoy [Comparative analysis as a way to reconstruct the world economic history, or why China did not become capitalist at the same time as Europe]. Krestyanovedenie. 2018; 3 (3) (In Russ.).
  9. Dejiv, Bao Yanhua. Selection and changes of the higher education policy since the founding of China 70 years ago. Research on the Chinese Higher Education. 2019; 11 (In Chinese).
  10. Department of the Higher Education. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/s78/A08/gjs_left/ s7187 (In Chinese).
  11. Consulting on the lists of the Project 985 and Project 211. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/ jyb_hygq/hygq_zczx/moe_1346/moe_1366/201911/t20191128_409940.html (In Chinese).
  12. Notification of implementing the Plan to help graduates to find job and start business. URL: http://www.mohrss.gov.cn/SYrlzyhshbzb/jiuye/zcwj/gaoxiaobiyesheng/201611/ t20161101_258588.html (In Chinese).
  13. Notification of publishing the Interim measures for implementing the Comprehensive project to create world-class universities and first-class scientific disciplines. URL: http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2015-11/05/content_10269.htm (In Chinese).
  14. Notification of publishing the List of world-class universities and first-class scientific disciplines. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/srcsite/A22/moe_843/201709/t20170921_ 314942.html (In Chinese).
  15. Notification of readiness for employing the graduates during the coronavirus outbreak in 2020. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/srcsite/A15/s3265/202003/t20200306_428194.html (In Chinese).
  16. Proposals for deepening the innovation-entrepreneurship reform in the higher education institutions. URL: http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2015-05/13/content_9740.htm (In Chinese).
  17. Notification of the implementation of the first-class undergraduate professional Plan “Double Ten Thousand”. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/srcsite/A08/s7056/ 201904/t20190409_377216.html (In Chinese).
  18. Proposals for the development of the innovative entrepreneurial education and independent entrepreneurial activity of students. URL: http://old.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/ htmlfiles/moe/info_list/201105/xxgk_120174.html (In Chinese).
  19. Proposals to speed up the creation of high-quality bachelor’s programs and to strengthen their training. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/srcsite/A08/s7056/201810/ t20181017_351887.html (In Chinese).
  20. The Ministry of Education published a catalog of bachelor’s degrees in general universities. URL: https://www.sohu.com/a/383834943_120162492 (In Chinese).
  21. Department and administration in the Ministry of Education. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_zzjg/moe_350/201807/t20180730_343824.html (In Chinese).
  22. Presentation of the Plan 2.0 “Six Excellent, One Outstanding”. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/ fbh/live/2019/50601/twwd/201904/t20190429_380086.html (In Chinese).
  23. Opening a new way to develop the country by the higher education in the new era of the Chinese socialism. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/s78/A08/moe_745/201712/t20171204_ 320494.html (In Chinese).
  24. Shen Suping, Zuo Lei. On the power of the provincial government to coordinate higher education. Research on the Chinese Higher Education. 2019; 5 (In Chinese).
  25. Deepening and expanding The Plan 2.0 “Six Excellent, One Outstanding”, training highly qualified personnel with a high level of morale. Research on the Development of Education. 2017; 10 (In Chinese).
  26. A comprehensive project to create world-class universities and first-class disciplines. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xxgk/moe_1777/moe_1778/201511/t20151105_217823.html (In Chinese).
  27. Speeding up the creation, strengthening the specifics, improving the quality of the Project “Two First-Class”. URL: http://www.moe.gov.cn/jyb_xwfb/gzdt_gzdt/moe_1485/ 201809/ t20180930_350535.htm (In Chinese).
  28. Xi Jinping. Report at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. URL: http://cpc.people.com.cn/n1/2017/1028/c64094-29613660-11.html (In Chinese).
  29. Higher Education Law of People’s Republic of China. URL: http://old.moe.gov.cn/publicfiles/business/htmlfiles/moe/moe_619/200407/1311.html (In Chinese).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 430

PDF (Russian) - 395

Cited-By


PlumX

Dimensions


Copyright (c) 2020 Guruleva T.L., Bing W.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies