ETHICS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND ETHICS OF JUSTICE

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Abstract


Despite the fact that a lot has been written about human rights, there is no grounded concept of human rights. Human rights in domestic ethics have long been viewed in a positive way - as an ideal, as a value, as a minimum moral or an analog of universal morality. The article traces the hypothesis of the emergence of the idea of natural human rights, the historical change in its value-normative content in phi-losophy and the role in politics, and, in particular, its fate at the present time, when the idea of human rights has become the value kernel of the ideology of globalization. The main arguments of the critics of human rights are analyzed, expanded or refined, the practice of using human rights as a means for solving some other tasks and value transformations of the idea of human rights in connection with this instrumental application is considered. This approach opens the prospect of a professional philosophical discussion of this topic.


T I Porokhovskaya

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Lomonosov Moscow State University Lomonosov Prospect, 27-4, Shuvalov Building, 119234, Moscow, Russian Federation

Пороховская Татьяна Ивановна - кандидат философских наук, доцент кафедры этики философского факультета МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова

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