Prolegomena to metaphysics of al-Ghazali

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Abstract


The paper considers the basic approaches and issues al-Ghazali's teachings about the reason and faith in the context of the ideal knowledge of the “golden period” of the classical Arab-Muslim philosophy. The basic approach to the understanding of al-Ghazali’s system was formulated by Ibn Rushd, who said that in al-Ghazali’s books he did not associate themselves with any of the exercises, being “with Ash'arites Ash’arites, with Sufis - Sufi, with philosophers - philosopher”. The problem of faith and reason is considered it from the point of view of kalam (“speculative theology”), fiqh (Islamic law) and Sufis. It is noted that a key reason for the understanding of his teachings as a system of metaphysics is the study, in which faith and reason complement each other on the field of knowledge, ie, it is a question of the unity of knowledge, both secular and religious.

N S Kirabaev

hphilosophy@mail.ru
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia Miklukho-Maklaya Str., 10/2, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Department of History of Philosophy Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

M Mukhammed Al-Janabi

hphilosophy@mail.ru
Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia Miklukho-Maklaya Str., 10/2, Moscow, Russia, 117198

Department of History of Philosophy Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences

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