House of Lords in the UK state system in the XIX century: «the doctrine of Salisbury»

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Abstract


The article is devoted to the evolution of the state system of the United Kingdom. The author highlights that the construction of the UK state system, established by the beginning of the XIX century, gave to the House of Lords conservative, stabilizing role. It was intended, on the one hand, to limit the arbitrary actions of the king and the House of Commons and on the other - to mitigate the conflict between them, which could occur for one reason or another. The article traces changes during the XIX century while the House of Lords had constitutional status and its role in the legislative process of the United Kingdom, as reflected in the so-called «doctrine of Salisbury». This doctrine describes what happened during the XIX century, a change in the relations between the two chambers of the Parliament of Great Britain and as a result - developing of a new understanding of the role of House of Lords in the legislative process.

V A Tomsinov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Email: history@law.msu.ru
The Department of History of State and Law

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