China’s Influence in Latin America in the Brazilian Case (2002-2018)

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Abstract


In this paper the authors aim to establish the reasons that led the Chinese state to view Latin America as an important partner between 2002 and 2018 and try to analyse the development of Chinese presence in Latin America and its possible impacts and perspectives in the 21st century in Brazil. For that, both political and economic relations between China and Latin America’s countries, especially the relations between China and Brazil, and their development are examined by using a comparative and historical approach. This paper is divided in three sections. The first part characterizes the emergence of Asia as a prominent actor within the current world system and China’s participation as a major economic competitor from the 1980s. In the second section, the Chinese interest in Latin America and its importance is analysed. Finally, the influence of China in Brazil is exposed in the last section. In the conclusion, undoubtedly, the Asian country has a huge influence in areas where it conquers, especially in Latin America and Brazil, leading mainly investments and its products of both high technology and low cost. In the short term, countries that receive this type of investment see an increase in production and, consequently, an economic improvement due to the increase in the market and the consumption process. On the other hand, Latin American companies and industries do not have the technological capacity or, to a certain extent, a competitive advantage to compete with Chinese products in the long term, due to the stricter labour laws in American countries, compared to the Asian country. Hence, one of Brazil’s possible strategies for meeting the challenges of expanding relations with China is to invest in greater complementarity and structural integration of the region through MERCOSUR.

About the authors

Charles Pennaforte

Federal University of Pelotas

Email: charles.pennaforte@ufpel.edu.br
Pelotas, Brazil
PhD in International Relations, National University of La Plata (Argentina), Adjunct Professor, Federal University of Pelotas, Coordinator of the Research Group CNPq Geopolitics and Mercosur (GeoMercosur) and Laboratory of Geopolitics

Nairana Karkow Bones

Research Group CNPq “Geopolitics and Mercosur” (GeoMercosur) and Laboratory of Geopolitics

Email: nairanabones@gmail.com
Pelotas, Brazil
MSc candidate, Federal University of Pelotas, Member of the Research Group CNPq Geopolitics and Mercosur (GeoMercosur) and Laboratory of Geopolitics

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