No 2 (2014): Security: Global and Regional Levels. Post-Soviet Area

Articles
Trends and development of interstate economic contradictions of modernity
Kutin V.M.
Abstract
The article examines the trends and dynamics of international economic contradictions identified in the analysis of wars and armed conflicts over the past 300 years.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):5-11
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The Ukraine factor in international security: regional and global levels
Kurylev K.P.
Abstract
The article examines the factors that determine the importance of Ukraine as a country which inner development may strengthen and stabilize or weaken and destabilize the international security at a regional and global levels. The author analyzed Ukraine's national interests and geopolitical aspirations of its neighbors - Russia, NATO and the EU, their rivalry for influence over Ukraine.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):12-22
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International political dimension of Libyan conflict
Teteryuk A.S., Chizhevsky Y.A.
Abstract
The article analyses the actions of external actors, both the western countries, and the African states towards Libya during the conflict of 2011. Besides, the authors examine the concept «responsibility to protect», which served as a pretext to start the military operation in this country. At the end authors consider consequences of the Gaddafi’s regime overthrow for the African region.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):23-32
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Nonproliferation economic sanctions in US foreign policy: political and juridical aspects
Sedlyar Y.A.
Abstract
Economic sanctions, an age-old tool of statecraft, are becoming increasingly central to shaping strategic outcomes. In the post-Cold War economic sanctions have become virtually the default option in US foreign policy. They are now employed by American diplomacy for a wide range of purposes and always have consequences. The article focuses in particular on the economic sanctions as a powerful tool to discourage the nuclear proliferation, highlights the key concepts of nonproliferation sanctions policy. The most important nuclear sanctions legislation, like Nuclear Nonproliferation Act, Nuclear Nonproliferation Prevention Act, the Symington, the Pressler and the Glenn amendments is analyzed. A major conclusion made in the article is that in spite of the proliferation of US nonproliferation economic sanctions they rarely work as intended, but often undermine American foreign policy goals. Enhancing our understanding of nonproliferation economic sanctions in US foreign policy, this article will be of interest to policy-makers, diplomats and scholars of international politics, international law, and US foreign policy.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):33-41
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The World Health Organization (WHO) reduction risk activities and its emergency preparedness
Alwashae Mohammed Abdo Ahmed -.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the analysis of the World Health Organization’s activities aimed at providing assistance and support in emergencies within the United Nations Humanitarian Coordinators System. This paper presents WHO strategies on surveillance, prevention and guidance of global emergencies that are of great danger for public health.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):42-48
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Russia’s security challenges in the 21st century
Eremin A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the examination of the principal Russia’s security challenges in the 21 st century. Main threats and key international problems as well as potential ways to cope with them are under analysis.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):49-54
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Brasil approaches to the problems of national and regional security
Borzova A.Y.
Abstract
The article describes the evolution of a policy of national defense and security in Brazil, associated with an increase in the international status of the country and the acquisition of greater strategic independence, identify regional challenges and threats and activities of Brazil to the OAS and UNASUR.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):55-63
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Debates of the state of Israel's politicians and experts on the national security issues
Kornilov A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to Israeli experts and politicians’ approaches to actual issues of national security. In 2013-2014 some innovative ideas emerged which define quite new goals and projects in the field of security and foreign policy. Accomplishment of these innovative goals is able to change position and status of the State of Israel in international relations.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):64-74
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The role of the Suez Canal in context of regional security in the Middle East
Savicheva E.M., Turekulova G.E.
Abstract
The article considers Egypt’s geo-strategic position that has been changed as a result of commissioning of the Suez Canal. It also analyses its national interests and geopolitical aspirations of the Western countries as well as regional and non-regional powers’ competition in the Canal Zone.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):75-84
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Economic separatism in the European Union member states as a factor of regional security
Shakhina A.A., Petrovich-Belkin O.K.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the examination of the economic separatism problem in the European Union member states. It considers specific of the regional separatist movements as exemplified by the conflicts in Scotland, Catalonia, Bavaria, Flanders. Various points of view on the relevance of the budgetary separatism for the European integration process are given in the article.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):85-92
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Soft power in the system of french security (the exemple of la francophonie)
Bokeriya S.A., Sokolova N.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the examination of the Francophonie organization in the system of foreign policy of France in the XXI century. It is presented the analysis of the role of the Francophonie as an instrument of soft power in the system of national security.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):93-101
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The Ruling Former National Liberation Movements in Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa and Challenges of National Reconciliation, Broad Participatory Democracy and Good Governance
Ndali - Che Kamati -.
Abstract
The concept of national reconciliation became policy strategies in political discourse in Zimbabwe and Namibia after independence and South Africa after democratisation. The objective was to avoid the civil war experienced in neighbouring Angola and Mozambique after independence. Current argument however is that reconciliation mainly harmonising relations between blacks and whites and between the new government and capital is not sufficient. It is argued that reconciliation should fundamentally extent to the formerly deprived black majority the right of access to natural resource and addresses their economic well being. Political processes and developments in these three countries also reveal that settlement compromises made at independence and new democratic dispensation predicated on liberal constitutions followed by neo-liberal economic policies are sources of enormous governance challenges facing the leadership of these countries today.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):102-112
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Extremism as a threat to national security of Ukraine
Zinnurov R.T., Fedorenko A.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the problems of political development of Ukraine in connection with the aggravation of the internal political situation in late 2013 or early 2014. Considers the influence of extremist organizations on the political process, as well as threats to national security of Ukraine, associated with the strengthening of their influence on society.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):113-120
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Madrid principles of Nagorno-Karabakh settlement
Babayan K.K.
Abstract
As part of this work presents the analysis of the basic document and the legal framework of the peace settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict on the modern stage - «Madrid or Basic principles», presented to the sides of the negotiations at the OSCE ministerial conference in the Spanish capital Madrid in November 2007. The both side’s statements, international mediators and institutes form a legal background of the vector and the framework of the negotiation process. There are the fundamental differences and contradictions in the approaches of the sides of the negotiations to the «Basic principles» of the settlement in this article. The work contains a comparison of the various items and elements of the Madrid document both in relation to each other, and to the principles of international law.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):121-129
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The issue of energy security in relations between the European Union and Azerbaijan
Shabelnikova O.V.
Abstract
The article focuses on cooperation between the European Union and the Republic of Azerbaijan on energy issues. The author analyzes the EU initiatives and projects for the Black Sea and Caspian Sea region as well as the questions of delivery diversification of the Azerbaijani gas to the European markets.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):130-139
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Kazakh-Russian diplomatic relations: status and prospects
Sagindikov R.E.
Abstract
The article describes establishment and development of diplomatic relations between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan that turn 20 years this year. As proved in this article, over the years, a sequential process of development of the two major CIS member-states that is based on a rich historical tradition of the USSR, can become a new model of establishment of equal and mutually beneficial relations between the independent states that emerged after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In this regard, the author concludes that well-organized Russian-Kazakh diplomatic relations have allowed to significantly strengthened the interstate political, economic, humanitarian and other areas of cooperation in the last 20 years.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):140-147
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The role of regional aspects of international relations in Spanish basic analytical centers’ researches
Basarenko T.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to comparing of the main Spanish analytical centers’ positions (Royal Elcano Institute, Foundation Analysis and Social Studies Foundation, international relations and foreign policy dialogue and the Center for International Studies and Documentation in Barcelona) on the issue of the regional factor’s strengthening in international relations. The author also analyzes the way they look at the concept of "Europe of regions" and the future of the European Union.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):148-157
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Problem of overcoming the socio-economic backwardness of the developing countries (case of Tanzania)
Rodionova I.A., Monge A.
Abstract
Socio-economic backwardness of the developing countries is potentially dangerous not only on a local or regional, but also at the global level. South is part of the world economy. Its economic, political and social problems already have and will in the future affect the state of international security. The article analyzes the dynamics, geography and structure of foreign investment in African countries by the example of Tanzania. The conclusion about the need to attract foreign direct investment for the development and modernization of African economies and their integration into the world economy.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):158-168
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Service sector of India: ICT and the questions of employment
Konovalova Y.A., Ushanov S.A.
Abstract
Under the conditions of tough competition and complicated economic situation all governments of each national economy face with the problem of the economy transition to the new model of development. Today a lot of countries set a goal of gradual transition to the innovative social oriented model of development. This transition has to be accompanied by stable inclusive economic development and qualitative changes at all sectors of the economy. Article is dedicated to the Indian service sector, that is dominating and growing rather fats at the structure of India’ GDP. However, service sector has some problem such as the question of employment. The author pays the attention to the problem of the service sector employment too.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):169-176
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Problems of Disarmament at the end of XXth - beginning of XXIst century
Protopopov A.S., Shpakovskaya M.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the Soviet Union position on disarmament negotiations in the second half of the twentieth century. The authors noted the role and importance of the policy of the USSR and Russia on the strengthening of the international situation in solving disarmament issues, strengthening international security during that period. The documents and materials disclosed actual position of the USSR/Russia and the United States on the issue of security in general and the specific aspects related to the rarefaction.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):177-186
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Korea in Sino-US relations in 1885-1891. Role of the American adviser O.N. Denny
Sharafetdinova A.I.
Abstract
Article is devoted to the Korean issue in the framework of Sino-US relations in the XIX century and its impact on interaction between two states. During this period China and the U.S. are trying to influence the fate of Korea, fighting for domination in the region. The author analyzed the actions and the role of individual historical figures from both sides.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):187-199
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Development of international organizations in the context of evolution of global political system
Kaverin M.A., Malkov S.Y.
Abstract
The article analyses general regularities of development of international organizations. Dynamics of international organizations is described with the equation of biological populations’ growth and is related to the evolution of international multilateral law and world development parameters. As the result of the research, the evolution of global political system is represented with the system of international governance based on the multilateral mechanisms and the model of social structures’ types. The transformations in the system of international organizations partially confirm the hypothesis of emerging World-organism.
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):200-209
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The authors
- -.
Abstract
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):210-212
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From the editorial board
- -.
Abstract
Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. 2014;(2):213-217
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