Application of computer processing of experimental data from analysis of chip formation zone on photoelastic models

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Abstract


In the experiments carried out using photomechanical method, only the isochrome pattern is directly recorded on photoelastic models and the isoclines (lines of equal angles of inclination of the principal stresses) must be traced manually for each of the fixed values of the polarization planes. Further processing is also performed manually, isostatic lines (trajectories of principal stresses) are constructed from the isocline pattern, and the field of the slip lines, or maximum tangential stresses, is constructed from the obtained isostatic field. Such multi-step path (isoclines-isostatic lines-slip lines) containing manual processing at each stage leads to accumulation of errors. The research presented in the article largely removes these problems. In order to actualize a load similar to the one acting on the wedge front surface, a large-scale photoelastic model and a special experimental stand were developed. The scale of the model (10:1) was chosen as great as practicable from the condition of its placement in the optical field of the PPU-7 (plane polarization unit). The scheme of chip formation, the shape of the photoelastic model and its loading is given. The scheme of the stand for loading the chip formation zone of the model under study is described. The task of reducing labor intensity of the experimental part and increasing the accuracy of the obtained results was solved by using a digital camera and a specially developed technology for computer processing of photograms. Pressure diagram describes the nature of loading models in experiments. The results of the experiments were presented in the form of a series of digital photographs subjected to further computer processing, the purpose of which was to obtain isocline mesh, construct isostatic lines field, and then fields of slip lines. Analysis of the application of digital recording and computer processing of photograms significantly reduce time of performing the experimental part by abandoning the traditional method of drawing isoclines on tracing paper. In addition, the accuracy of the fields of the isostatic and slip lines increases because in the initial for their construction isocline field errors that are unavoidable with manual fixation are eliminated.


About the authors

Olga V Zhed

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.
Email: zhed_ov@pfur.ru
6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation, Engineering Academy, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University). Research interests: photomechanics in mechanical engineering, cutting tools

Vladimir V Kopylov

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: kopylov_vv@rudn.university
6, Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Candidate of Technical Sciences, associate professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Instrumentation, Engineering Academy, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University). Research interests: nanotechnology, photomechanics in mechanical engineering, cutting tools

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