Climate challenges and hydraulic power industry as a powerful tool to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement

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Abstract


Fossil fuel energy and increase in concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere cause global climate change. In pursuance of the goals of the Paris Agreement, the global power industry must switch a significant part of fuel energy production to renewable energy production. The expected share of various sources in the global power industry by the end of the 21st century is provided. However, the limited possibilities of the biosphere make the current level of energy production from renewable sources nearly impossible. The most preferable scenario is proposed to reduce global carbon dioxide emissions by reducing the use of coal by 170 million tons per year, which will ensure a corresponding reduction in emissions by 620 million tons per year and the achievement by 2050 of the material balance of carbon in the “emission - flow” system. Under the most preferable scenario, it will be necessary to commission alternative replacement powers of about 160 GW per year; at the same time, the average global temperature will additionally rise by 0.6 °С compared to the current one. The prospects and advantages of the development of the Russian hydraulic power industry as an environmentally and economically efficient alternative to “coal projects” are considered. In the emerging reality, Russian hydraulic power companies are advised to determine their ambitious share of the Russian quota for reducing emissions and commissioning 30 GW of replacement hydraulic power capacities by 2050 with additional electricity generation of up to 120 TWh per year.


About the authors

Vladimir V. Tetelmin

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University); All-Russian Society for Nature Conservation

Author for correspondence.
Email: v-tetelmin@rambler.ru
6 Miklukho-Maklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation; 29 Bolshaya Ordynka St, bldg 1, Moscow, 119017, Russian Federation

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, Chairman of the Scientific and Technical Council, All-Russian Society for Nature Conservation, Professor of the Institute of Ecology, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University).

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