Monitoring of the erosion processes and the vegetation cover of the reclaimed landfill solid municipal waste

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Abstract


Depositing of the solid municipal waste in landfills that do not provide for a set of measures to protect the environment from negative impacts leads to significant pollution of ecosystem components: soil cover, surface and underground water, plant and animal life. One of the most dangerous components in waste disposal is filtrate, which includes nitrate and nitrite ions, as well as many heavy metals. The study of chemical analysis of the filtrate of multiple landfills and landfills shows that there are biologically dangerous organic substances, various compounds of nitrogen and sulfur forms, heavy metal ions, and pathogenic media that exceed the maximum permissible concentrations in the places where waste is deposited. It follows that the implementation of effective environmental measures necessary to control the state of wildlife components in places where solid municipal waste is buried, which reduces the adverse impact on the environment, is the most urgent problem. In the course of the study, erosion processes and the state of vegetation cover of the reclaimed SMW landfill along the Sarapulsky tract were monitored. Its levels of environmental hazard were identified.


About the authors

Svetlana A. Krasnoperova

Udmurt State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: krasnoperova_sve@mail.ru
1 Universitetskaya St, Izhevsk, 426000, Russian Federation

Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Oil and Gas Geology

Elena A. Borisova

Udmurt State University

Email: e_borisova75@mail.ru
1 Universitetskaya St, Izhevsk, 426000, Russian Federation

Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Environmental Engineering

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