Determination of environmental problems of agricultural nature management based on modular geochemical indicators

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Abstract


Central Chernozem is one of the largest agricultural regions in Russia. As a result of the long period of natural resources use the anthropogenic load on agricultural lands is increasing. The result of agricultural nature management is the increase of land degradation processes. Voronezh Region has a high agro-climatic potential, most of the territory is occupied by agricultural land, arable land prevails among them. Soil degradation is the most acute problem. There is a need to assess the impact of agricultural natural resources use on land resources of the region. Modular coefficients for assessment of geochemical impact of agriculture and animal husbandry on agricultural systems are proposed. The developed factor is a tool for identification of negative land use processes and environmental problems. The article deals with the issues of ecologically oriented, scientifically grounded strategy of agricultural nature management. Ecological approach to assessment of soil quality in the future will develop a strategy for balanced land use. The article has a scientific and practical character and is aimed at the development of methods of ecological assessment of soil quality. The proposed methodological approach identifies destructive processes in soils. For ecologically oriented strategy of development of regions it is important to define maximum allowable agricultural loads for preservation of sustainable environment.


About the authors

Almobarak Falak

Voronezh State Pedagogical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: falak88.2019@gmail.com
86 Lenina St, Voronezh, 394043, Russian Federation

PhD student of the Department of Geography and Tourism of Faculty of Geography

Lidia A. Mezhova

Voronezh State Pedagogical University

Email: lidiya09mezhova@yandex.ru
86 Lenina St, Voronezh, 394043, Russian Federation

Candidate of Geographical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Geography and Tourism of Faculty of Geography

References

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  2. Potapova IS. Regional'nye problemy ekonomicheskoi bezopasnosti prirodnykh antropo- gennykh ob"ektov [Regional problems of economic security of natural anthropogenic objects]. Regional'nye problemy ekologicheskoi bezopasnosti prirodnykh i antropogennykh ob"ektov [Regional problems of ecological safety of natural and anthropogenic objects]: proceedings of the regional scientific conference (Voronezh, December 12–13, 2008) (p. 76–81.). Voronezh: Voronezh State Pedagogical University; 2008. (In Russ.)
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  4. Kasimov NS, Snytko VA. N.F. Glazovsky. Izbrannye trudy [Selected works]: in 2 vols. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. 2010;80(11):1044–1045. (In Russ.)

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Copyright (c) 2020 Falak A., Mezhova L.A.

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