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For the period of the Roman Republic of agrimensura has come a long way from the simplest forms of dividing land to developed systems of surveying. The first type of survey was arcifinius - limitation of relief; it was intended for allocation of land plots Ager Publicus. Private lands were divided first on simple stripes (lacinae) or pieces (praecisura), evolving to a rectangular shape. In the III century BC in Italy has spread the system of surveying scaminace-stargaze (scamnatio-strigatio), dividing the field into large rectangles, which were allocated small plots. From the II century BC spread the division of land in straight lines -limits (limitatio). Arable land passed to the property, clearly differed from the fragments of the Ager Publicus, designed as arcifinius, which was provided rent under the ground. Feature of Roman agrimensura has become a fixture of all types of land allocation to a particular legal position.

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I A Gvozdeva

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Lomonosovsky Prospekt, 27-4, Moscow, GSP-1, Russia, 119991


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