Definition of acceptable parameters of defects in basic details of forging and press machines

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In the Soviet Union, a unique worldwide industry was created for the serial production of forging equipment. Currently, even these machines that have served their design life are in working or maintainable condition. This has led to the fact that there is now a large market for the secondary sale of such machines, including in the countries of Southeast Asia and India. However, with the secondary sale of such equipment, some inevitable damage builds up in the basic parts. In addition, the first copies of such models, put up for secondary sale, were produced at a time when non-destructive testing methods were not developed. Some defects could be undetected. When buying a machine dismantle, transport, install and test. Cases were recorded when defects were strained during installation and testing in the base parts, which made it difficult or impossible to use such equipment. Sometimes this type of equipment (during modernization) is used to carry out technological operations that require more power than previously declared. Therefore, when buying/selling (or upgrading), it is necessary to draw up cards of permissible defects, which, when superimposed on the cards of the detected defects, will allow to reject/determine the remaining life/limit the technological strength of the crank machine so that defects during further operation are not affectted and do not lead to emergency situation. The methodology for determining the permissible parameters of subsurface elliptical cracks is shown on the example of a press bed KD2130 (BZMP).

About the authors

Anna V. Kornilova

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Author for correspondence.

Professor of Department of Civil Engineering, Academy of Engineering of RUDN University, Doctor of Technical Science, Docent

6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation

Kyaw Zaya

Moscow State University of Technology “STANKIN”


postgraduate of the Composite Materials Department of MSTU “STANKIN”

1 Vadkovskiy Lane, Moscow, 127055, Russian Federation


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Copyright (c) 2019 Kornilova A.V., Zaya K.

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