Religion in qirat Qing dynasty politics

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Abstract


During 1680s-1750s the Qing dynasty in its relations with the Oirats (Jungars and Khoshuts) actively used the potential and significance of Buddhism to achieve its main goal - the subordination of these nomads. At the same time, it had acted as a peacemaker and legislator, seeking to put under dynasty’s control not only the Oirat-Tibetan relations, but also the education of the Oirat lamas, and had tried to get them for their education in the Beijing Buddhist monasteries. In case of overt or covert insubordination, Beijing usually accused Oirat rulers in their rejection of Buddha’s teaching and conversion to Islam, claiming itself to be the only true defender of the teachings of Geluk school and personally the Dalai Lama. Such a policy, along with a complex political process in Tibet, and the Oirat internal strife, had had its impact on the crisis in the Oirat community in the middle of XVIII century.


About the authors

Baatr U. Kitinov

Institute of Oriental Studies RAS

Author for correspondence.
Email: histj@rudn.university
12 Rozhdestvenka St., Moscow, 107031, Russia

PhD, Associates Professor, Senior research fellow, Department of history of East

Liu Qiang

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University)

Email: histj@rudn.university
6 Miklukho-Maklaya, Moscow, 117198, Russia

PhD student of the Department of World History

References

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