NEW FINDINGS OF MONUMENTS IN PIEDMONT PLAIN OF NORTH OSSETIA AS MARKERS OF THE CONTACTS OF THE INDIGENOUS POPULATION AND THE TRIBES OF THE CIMMERIAN-SCYTHIAN CULTURAL CIRCLE

Abstract


The article deals with the contacts of the Caucasian tribes, the bearers of the Koban archeological culture and population of the Northern part of Black sea and Transcaucasia in the early Iron age, reflected in the number of elements of material culture. On the basis of materials Koban culture monuments of the Piedmont part of North Ossetia, mostly derived from burials excavated and studied by the author (rein, massive plates, oval clasps of the steppe type vulgatae arrowheads, the ornamentation of the bronze plaques, four-armed "Cimmerian" star, ceramic Cup, etc.), there are some connections between the ancient autochthonous of the region and the tribes of the Cimmerian-Scythian cultural circle, as well as the population of the Dnieper. Such material categories of the ancient Koban culture as sets of bronze horse bridle, a local type (two rings bit with various cast bit is found, the bit is provided with one ring prominent bit is found), bronze forged sitoli and mugs decorated with zoomorphic handles, ceramic vessels (some types of pots and mugs), at an early stage of this interaction in sufficiently large quantities to penetrate into the Scythian-Cimmerian environment. Probably, this explains the similar shape, and in some cases, the full analogy of the koban tipe ceramics from villiges Zmeyskaya, Sredniy Uruh, Komsomolskoye, settlements, Elhotovo, Nikolaevskaya, Zhamankul, Komarovo, Mozdok cemeteries found in Scythian burial monuments of the right Bank of the Dnieper and bug, Bielski settlement, Cimmerian and coild graves. Afterwards, in the second stage began the reverse process.The tribes of Koban culture starting to make and use weapons and bridle of the steppe the Scythian style type.

About the authors

V T Chshiyev

Institute of History and Archaeology RNO-Alania

Email: hacht@mail.ru
Vatutina St., 46, Vladikavkaz, Russia, 362025

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Copyright (c) 2016 Чшиев В.Т.

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