FRAGMENTS FROM HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE

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Abstract


By the end of the 15 century the laying of the base of science was almost complete: the foundation of astronomy and biology, geography and mathematics, medicine and mechanics, physics and chemistry were laid. The wheel and the lever, concrete and curvilinear forms were invented. Optics laws were open, the methodology of knowledge is formulated and the equipment of experiment is developed. Transition to a position numeral system on the basis of the Arab figures and on system of mathematical symbols was carried out. The science foundation about Earth, conservation and metallurgy was laid. The constructed base allowed to begin construction of the building of this or that science. On the basis of known encyclopedic data the most significant achievements from history of devel- opment of science are given, beginning from the most ancient times to 15 century AD inclusive. Attempt to find out influence of spirituality on the birth and development of new ideas, opening and inventions at a stage of a laying of the base of science becomes.

N M YAKUPOV

Institute of Mechanics and Engineering, Kazan Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences

Email: yzsrr@mail.ru

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