The Solvability of the Inverse Problem for the Evolution Equation with a Superstable Semigroup

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Abstract


For the evolution equation in a Banach space, the linear inverse source problem is studied. It is required to recover an unknown nonhomogeneous term by means of an additional nonlocal condition written in the form of a Riemann-Stieltjes integral. The main assumption is related to the superstability (quasinilpotency) of the evolution semigroup. More precisely, it is assumed that the evolutionary semigroup associated with the abstract differential equation has an infinite negative exponential type. Without other restrictions, a theorem on the solvability of the inverse problem is obtained. It is shown that the solution can be represented by a convergent Neumann series. Exact conditions under which an infinite series becomes a finite sum are found. Here, the algorithm for calculating the solution becomes finite. Model examples are considered, including an important example of the inverse problem with final overdetermination. The above results can be applicated in special parts of mathematical physics related to the theory of elasticity and the linear transport theory. As is customary, our research takes place in the general case with a choice of the complex scalar field, but the main facts are also true in the real case. The created theory allows transfer to nonlocal problems for evolution equations, when instead of the traditional initial condition special time averaging is used to find the solution.


About the authors

I V Tikhonov

Lomonosov Moscow State University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ivtikh@mail.ru
Leninskyie Gori, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, professor of Department of Mathematical Physics, Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Son Tung Vu Nguyen

Moscow State University of Education

Email: vnsontung@mail.ru
14 Krasnoprudnaya Str., Moscow, 107140, Russian Federation

Postgraduate Student of Mathematical Analysis Department, Moscow State University of Education

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