Judicial power in the structure of the state and mechanism of power-sharing system

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Abstract


By studying questions on the Russian judicial system, the author comes to the following conclusions. Justice is the provision of the rights and legitimate interests of citizens in criminal proceedings at the investigation stage, that to some extent is overseeing the investigation; is an instrument of discipline in military units, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, is a guarantee of the rights and legitimate interests of servicemen in attracting them to disciplinary liability; is tool checks of the legality and validity of actions and orders of the executive authorities, municipal authorities and their officials, actions and orders of public associations, commercial organizations and their senior officials by the complaints and appeals of citizens and legal persons; it is also the quality of the tuning fork of the legislative process at all levels - federal, subjects of the Russian Federation, municipal and departmental. It is proved that one of the ways of improvement the effectiveness of law in Russia is to improve the legislation and legislative technique, the other way is the development of special procedures for the settlement of disputes out of court, actively include citizens in these processes. Another way is to increase the professional level of the judiciary and legal education in general. This can be achieved by strengthening the role of social accreditation by professional corporations. The author notes that in society there is still a cautious attitude to the court system, which is traditional for Russia, and it will take a lot of time to overcome this gap. Ways to overcome this attitude are associated with openness, accessibility and the possibility of public scrutiny of decisions.

R D Grebnev

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

Email: grebnev_rd@pfur.ru
The Department of the Judiciary, Law Enforcement and Human Rights Activities

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