LEGAL REGULATION OF INTERNET BANKING IN INDIA

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Abstract


The features of the legal regulation of Internet banking in India are investigated. Internet banking is gradually replacing the use of cash, checks, and, most importantly, customers who personally come to bank offices: according to statistics, the total amount of transactions in the digital payments segment of India in 2019 will be $ 64.775 billion. USA. Electronic banking is a generic term for the provision of banking services and products via electronic channels, such as telephone, Internet, mobile phone, etc. The main regulatory act regulating Internet banking in India is the Information Technologies Act 2000, which provides for legal recognition of electronic transactions and other means of electronic commerce. In addition to the new law, the norms of traditional banking legislation also apply to Internet banking. The main financial regulator of India the Reserve Bank - also provides direct management of Internet banking: it developed guidelines for Internet banking in India in 2001; as well as the Mobile Banking Guide, which was transformed into the Mobile Banking Master Circular51 in 2016. The rights of consumers of Internet banking services are protected on the basis of the Consumer Protection Act 198652, which defines the rights of consumers in India and also applies to banking services. India’s law is based on case law, and in this regard, a number of new case law on disputes between banks and their customers in the field of Internet banking has been studied. However, in the legislation, the article notes, there are a number of gaps related primarily to ensuring the safety of online banking. Information security in electronic banking represents two main areas of risk: preventing unauthorized transactions and maintaining the integrity of customer transactions. When writing the article, general scientific methods of cognition were used: dialectical, hypothetical-deductive method, generalization, induction and deduction, analysis and synthesis, empirical description; private scientific methods were also used: legal, dogmatic, statistical, comparative legal analysis, and others.


About the authors

Evgenia E. Frolova

Peoples' Friendship University of Russia

Author for correspondence.
Email: frolevgevg@mail.ru
6, Miklukho-Maklaya st., 117198, Moscow, Russia

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Head of the Department of Civil Law and Process and International Private Law of the Law Institute of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Honored Lawyer of the Russian Federation

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