Information Policy and Information Security of PRC: Development, Approaches and Implementation

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Abstract


The subject of the study is the new course of the PRC information policy, which was launched by the “Fifth generation” of the PRC leaders after the 18th Congress of the Chinese Communist Party in 2012. As a result, after the 18th Congress of the CPC was started the implementation of the “Strong cyberpower” strategy, which implies not only ensuring cyber security in the country, but also the usage of network resources to develop the national economy. China’s new information policy was caused by the sharply increased role of information and communication technologies in international processes and the shift in the focus of international relations to the Asia-Pacific region. The PRC’s information policy is based on the most advanced technologies in the IT sphere and the cooperation with private companies on regulating external and internal information security. The relevance of the research topic is due to the increasing role of ICT in international processes. In this context, the most important are the positions of the leading countries of the world to regulate this area, as well as the mechanisms and tools used by them. The People’s Republic of China is one of the leaders in the field of scientific and technical developments and actively uses its achievements to accomplish tasks in the field of domestic and foreign policy. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to analyze and compare the development strategies of the PRC information policy and the resources that are necessary for their implementation. The unique network landscape, which was formed under the influence of government policy on control over published content and the sharing of digital services market among the three largest information corporations (Baidu, Tencent and Alibaba), has become an essential part of the country’s information security system and requires detailed study. The purpose of the article is to identify the evolution of China’s information policy development strategy and resources for its implementation. This article also discusses the threats to the information security of the People’s Republic of China and analyzes the approaches to ensuring it. The results of the study are the conclusions that show the role and place of information policy in the PRC foreign policy, the structure of the information security system and strategic approaches to the regulation of international relations in cyberspace.


About the authors

Tatyana Ivanovna Ponka

RUDN University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ponka-ti@rudn.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

PhD in History, Associate Professor, the Department of Theory and History of International Relations

Mirzet Safetovich Ramich

RUDN University

Email: ramich_ms@mail.ru
Moscow, Russian Federation

Student, the Department of Theory and History of International Relations

Yuyao Wu

RUDN University

Email: 6166480@qq.com
Moscow, Russian Federation

Postgraduate Student, the Department of Theory and History of International Relations

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