The cossacks in history of Russian-Chinese relations (XVII - 1920)

Cover Page

Abstract


The article is an attempt to describe the role of the Cossacks in the history of the Russian-Chinese relations. The Cossacks played a special role in the history of Russian-Chinese relations in the diplomatic, spiritual and commercial areas. Relations between the Russian and Chinese peoples have begun in 1582, when Don Cossack Ermak Timofeevich undertook an expedition to Siberia. To find the way to China, Russian tsars and emperors began to send forth embassies and different missions to China. The Cossacks were the main members of these missions and embassies. The first such mission was composed of Tomsk Cossacks. In 1618, during the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich first state Russian Embassy, headed by Tomsk Cossack Ivan Petlin was sent from Tobolsk to Beijing. In 1641-1642 Tatar equestrian Cossack Yemelyan Vershinin with trade caravans visited China. Since the settlement of Albazin Cossacks in Beijing intensive diplomatic and trade relations between the two countries began. In XVIII-XIX centuries Cossacks not only participated in the wars in Siberia, but also in the conclusion of a number of treaties. After the defeat in the civil war in Russia in the XX century Siberian Cossacks fled to China. Among the Russian emigrants in Harbin and other cities of China there were also many descendants of the Cossacks.


About the authors

- Yang Sumei

Henan University

Author for correspondence.
Email: ysmhd314@126.com
Kaifeng, China

References

  1. Bugai N., 1993. Kazachestvo Rossii: problemy vozrozhdeniya. [Cossacks of Russia: revival of the problem]. Obozrevatel'- Observer, no. 28. Available at: http://observer.materik.ru/observer/N28_93/28_03.HTM (date of access: 30.03.2016)
  2. Chernikov V.V., 2013. Kazachestvo v istorii Rossii [Cossacks in Russia's history]. Moscow, AIRIS-PRESS, 159 p.
  3. Guo Men, 2012. Migratsiya naseleniya iz Rossii v Kitai: istoricheskii opyt naturalizatsii i sokhraneniya samobytnosti (konets XVII – XX vekov) [Population migration from Russia to China: the historical experience of naturalization and identities (the end of XVII - XX centuries)]. Vestnik MGGU im. Sholokhova, no.2, pp. 71-77.
  4. Hu Boya, Lu Gang, 2010. Haerbin eluosi qiaomin yu zhong e wenhua de jiaohui ronghe[Harbin Russian diaspora and the Sino-Russian cultural intersection]. Heilongjiang sheng shehui zhuyi xueyuan xuebao, no.2, pp. 43-46. (in Chinese)
  5. Ilovaiskii D.I., 1905. Istoriya Rossii in 5 volumes. [Russian history]. Okonchanie moskovsko-tsarskogo perioda. Aleksei Mikhailovich i ego blizhaishie preemniki [The End of Muscovite-tsarist period. Alexis and his immediate successors], Moscow, Tipografiya T-va I.D. Sytina, Vol. 5, 663 p.
  6. Irgit Ch.K., 2009. Etnograficheskie svedeniya iz "rassprosa" Vasiliya Tyumentsa i Ivana Petrova [Ethnographic data from the "questioning" Vasily Tyumenets and Ivan Petrov]. Vestnik Tomskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta, no.5, pp.154-157.
  7. Kanevskaya G.I., 2008. Iskhod russkikh iz Kitaya (po vospominaniya russkikh vastraliitsev) [Russian exodus from China (in memories of the Russian vastraliytsev)]. Vestnik Dal'nevostochnogo otdeleniya Rossiiskoi akademii nauk, no. 2, pp. 125-132.
  8. Malyavin V.V., 2000. Pervye russkie lyudi v Kitae. Seriya «Vostochnye arabeski» [The first Russian people in China. "Oriental arabesque" series]. Moscow, Natalis, 399 p.
  9. Romanova G.N., 2014. Stanovlenie rossiisko-kitaiskikh torgovykh svyazei (XVII – pervaya tret' XVIII v.) [Formation of Russian-Chinese trade relations (XVII - first third of the XVIII century.)]. Tamozhennaya politika Rossii na Dal'nem Vostoke, no.2, pp.102-113.
  10. Samoilov N.A., 2013. Ot balansa k kolonializmu. Rossiisko-kitaiskie otnosheniya ot ikh zarozhdeniya do 1917 g. Rossiya i Kitai: chetyre veka vzaimodeistviya [From balance to colonialism. Russian-Chinese relations from their inception until 1917.Russia and China: four centuries of interaction]. Ed. by A.V.Lukin. Moscow, pp.15-118.
  11. Shambarov V., 2007. Kazachestvo istoriya vol'noi Rusi [Cossacks history of free Russia]. Moscow, «Algoritm», 688 p.
  12. Tolstoi L.N., 1936. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii v 90 t. (Proizvedeniya 1863, 1870, 1872-1879, 1884) [Complete Works in 90 volumes. (Works of 1863, 1870, 1872-1879, 1884)]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel'stvo «Khudozhestvennaya literatura», Vol.17, 824 p.
  13. Vasil'ev A.P., 1916. Zabaikal'skie kazaki : istoricheskii ocherk [Zabaykalskie Cossacks: historical sketch.] In 3 Vol. Chita, Tipografiya Voiskovogo Khozyaistvennogo Pravleniya Zabaikal'skogo kazach'ego voiska, Vol.2, 267 p.
  14. Yan Sumei, 2009. Obzor izucheniya rossiiskogo kazachestva v Kitae [Overview study of Russian Cossacks in China]. Lavrovskii sbornik. Materialy XXXIII Sredneaziatsko-Kavkazskikh chtenii, 2008–2009 gg. Ch.ed. Karpov Yu. Yu. Saint- Petersburg, pp. 453–457.
  15. Zhang Fengming, 2003. Zhongguo dongbei yu eguo (sulian) jingji guanxi shi. [History of Northeast China and Russia (the Soviet Union) economic relations], Beijing, Zhōngguó shèhuì kēxué chūbǎn shè, 204 p. (in Chinese).

Statistics

Views

Abstract - 346

PDF (Russian) - 710

Cited-By



Copyright (c) 2016 Ян Сумэй -.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies