MORPHONOOTECTONICS AND PROSPECTS OF OIL AND GAS FUTURE IS THE DESERT OF IRAQ

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Abstract


The article deals with the prospects of Iraq's oil and gas potential. It should be noted that the desert areas of Iraq, located on the Arab plate, did not pay much attention. However, recent studies show the promise of the desert Iraq. As a result of the study of modern river valleys in the region, the following main morph tectonic processes were identified: rejuvenation of the river network and the emergence of new river basins; the division of individual rivers into two or more parts; interception of the river network. As a result of long-term field and cameral geological and geomorphological studies in the area of ​​the Western and Southern deserts, it was possible to restore the existing tectonic activity of the area from the Miocene to the present day. It is established that the regional Euphrates fault on the territory of Iraq occupies an exceptionally important place, which was previously underestimated. The faults of the following order that set him on formed a system of long-lived tectonic blocks with different kinematics and morphology. The causes and mechanism of geotectonic Neogene-Quaternary movements of the earth's surface are established. Thus, separate tectonic blocks are formed, which in general form zonal regions of uplifts or valleys. The areas of elevated blocks (for example, the raising of Nadjaf of the third order) are created by the dome-shaped dome structures in the cover near the Euphrates fault, favorable for the accumulation of HC.


Valentina Usova

Author for correspondence.
Email: usova_vm@pfur.ru

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Copyright (c) 2018 Usova V.

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