THE IMPACT OF THE SEA LEVEL RISE ON THE EUROPEAN UNION PASSENGER AND FREIGHT TRANSPORT BY AIR

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Abstract


An estimation of airport infrastructure flooding has been done for the stationary levels of the sea-level rise (from 1 m to 65 m). It was found that airport network is situated close to the coastline and it is very sensitive to the sea-level rise. So the sea-level rise up to 1 m will lead to flooding of 7 airports (0,08%), and reduction of air traffic (passenger 3,5%, freight 9,9%). Further sea-level rise up to 6 m (in the present time the Global Surface Air Temperature is 0,8 °С higher then pre-industrial level) will lead to flooding of 80 airports (9,2%) and 13,6% air traffic reduction. The EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change assume that the global warming must be limited to below 2 °C above pre-industrial level, that within some ages will lead to the sea-level rise up to 15 m, this corresponds to flooding of 172 airports (19,9%), and reduction of air traffic (passenger 20,4%, freight 14,7%). The EU Strategy on adaptation to climate change does not assume the sea-level rise above 1 m, so in the near future that could lead to the huge economic losses.

About the authors

L V Sorokin

Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia

G Mondello

University of Nice Sophia Antipolis

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Copyright (c) 2015 Сорокин Л.В., Монделло Ж.

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