Emigration of Jews from the Soviet Union in the 1960-1970s through the eyes of the American press

Cover Page

Cite item


The article analyzes the features of Soviet emigration and repatriation in the second half of the 1960s through the early 1970s, when for the first time after a long period of time, and as a result of political agreements between the USSR and the USA, hundreds of thousands of Soviet Jews were able to leave the Soviet Union for good and settle in the United States and Israel. Our attention is focused not only on the history of this issue and the overall political situation of that time, but mainly on the peculiarities of this issue coverage by the leading American printed media. The reference to the media as the main empirical source of this study allows not only perceiving the topic of emigration and repatriation in more detail, but also seeing the regularities of the political ‘face’ of the American press of that time. This study enables us to expand the usual framework of knowledge of emigration against the background of its historical and cultural development in the 20th century.

About the authors

Alexey V. Antoshin

Ural Federal University named after the first President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin

Author for correspondence.
Email: alex_antoshin@mail.ru

Doktor istoricheskikh nauk [Dr. habil. hist.], professor at the Department of Oriental Studies

19 Mira Ave., Yekaterinburg, 620003, Russia

Dmitry L. Strovsky

Ariel University

Email: dmitryst@ariel.ac.il

PhD in Political Sciences, Professor

1 Kiryat Hamada, Ariel, 40700, Israel


  1. Kostyrchenko G. Politika sovetskogo rukovodstva v otnoshenii evreiskoy emigratsii posle XX s’ezda KPSS [Soviet policy toward Jewish emigration after the XX Congress of CPSU](1956–1991) // Evreiskaya emigratsia is Rossii. 1881–2005. Moscow: ROSSPEN Publ., 2008 (in Russian).
  2. Morozov B. Evreiskaya emigratsia iz SSSR kak factor mezhdunarodnyh otnosheniy // ‘Russkoe’ litso Izrailia: cherty sotsialnogo portreta [Russian face of Israel: characteristics of social portrait]. Ierusalim; Moscow: Gesharim Publ., 2007 (in Russian).
  3. Orlov B. Puti-dorogi rimskih piligrimov [ways of Roman pilgrimes] // Vremya i My. 1977. № 14. P. 117–130 (in Russian).
  4. Fridgut T. Vliyaniye immigrantov iz SSSR/SNG na izrail’skuyu identichnost’ [Influence of USSR-CIS immigrants on Israeli identity] // Russkoye litso Izrailya: cherty sotsial’nogo portreta. Iyerusalim; Moskva: Mosty kul’tury Publ., 2007 (in Russian).
  5. Albright J. The pact of two Henrys // The New York Times, January 5, 1975.
  6. Anderson R. Jewish leader says stiffer Soviet rules cut emigration // The New York Times, June 8, 1980.
  7. Appelbaum P. The Soviet Jewry movement in the United States. New York: Greenwood Press Publ., 1986.
  8. Azbel D. Russian immigrants in the US (letters to the editor) // The New York Times, January 4, 1975.
  9. Bennet L. The homeless find help in a new land // Los Angeles Times, June 25, 1979.
  10. Buwalda P. They Did Not Dwell Alone. Jewish Emigration from the Soviet Union. 1967–1990. Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997. 297 p.
  11. Cummings J. Coast case creates anxiety over spies among refugees // The New York Times, October 20, 1984.
  12. Deacon D., Pickering M., Golding P., Murdock G. Researching Communication: A Practical Guide to Methods in Media and Cultural Analysis. London: Arnold, 1999. 242 p.
  13. Drachman, E. Challenging the Kremlin. The Soviet Jewish Movement for Freedom. 1967–1990. New York: Paragon House Publ., 1992.
  14. Fisher D. Soviet emigration cutback splits Jewish activists // Los Angeles Times, May 18, 1980.
  15. Gargan E. Soviet Jewish emigration declined sharply in 1980 // The New York Times, January 4, 1981.
  16. Gartner L. History of the Jews in Modern Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.
  17. Gitelman, Z., Glants, M., and Goldman, M. Jewish Emigration: Trails, Achievements, Doubts and Dilemmas; Jewish Life after the USSR. Bloomington; Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2003.
  18. Goldmann N. The Hammer-and Sickle and Star of David // The New York Times, January 8, 1979.
  19. Gwertzman B. Emigration of Soviet Jews in March sets record: gesture to US seen // The New York Times, April 4, 1979.
  20. Gwertzman B. Linking US trade relations with the right to emigration // The New York Times, April 6, 1979.
  21. Hofmann P. Flow of Soviet refugees through Vienna increases // The New York Times, July 23, 1978.
  22. Hofmann P. Many Russian Jews ‘drop out’ in Vienna // The New York Times, August 12, 1979.
  23. Hofmann P. Soviet Jews charge border harassment // The New York Times, January 19, 1977.
  24. Horowitz J. Music: Soviet émigrés play Mozart and Haydn // The New York Times, July 16, 1979.
  25. Horowitz J. The sound of Russian music in the West // The New York Times, June 11, 1978.
  26. Freidman M., Chernin, A. A Second Exodus. The American Movement to Free Soviet Jews. London: Brandies University Press Publ., 1999.
  27. Johnston O. Israel seeking to halt Soviet emigrant loss // Los Angeles Times, November 9, 1976.
  28. Learsi R. Fulfillment – The Epic Story of Zionism: the Authoritative History of the Zionist Movement from the Earliest Days to the Present Time. [N.p.]: Read Books Publ., 2007.
  29. Levin N. The Jews in the Soviet Union since 1917: Paradox of Survival. New York; London: New York University Press, 1988.
  30. Low A. Soviet Jewry and Soviet Policy. New York: Columbia University Press, 1990. 249 p.
  31. Maclean J. US caught in Soviet-Israeli emigration snarl // The Chicago Tribune, February 21, 1982.
  32. Morehouse W. Soviet Jews stream to US; many wonder: will it last? // Christian Science Monitor, April 26, 1979.
  33. Morozov B. Documents on Soviet Jewish Emigration. Londone: Psychology Press, 1999.
  34. Oppenheim C. Soviet expatriates find living in US different from a visit // The Chicago Tribune, September 13, 1979.
  35. Parisi A. For Russian immigrant the Sky`s still in limit // The New York Times, July 25, 1982.
  36. Peri Y. Telepopulism. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004.
  37. Peterson I. Soviet Jew who got out after 11 years tells how difficult it was // The New York Times, December 6, 1969.
  38. Reich K. Gates, Jews make peace on emigrants // Los Angeles Times, January 25, 1982.
  39. Rockwell J. Ashkenazy puts precision over showmanship // The New York Times, May 14, 1978.
  40. Rockwell J. Rostropovich – ‘I feel like a native’ // The New York Times, January 18, 1981.
  41. Romano A. A aistoric atlas of Israel. [N.p.]: The Rosen Publishing Group Publ., 2003.
  42. Rosenzweig R. The Economic Consequences of Zionism. Cambrige: T Brill Academic Publishers, 1997.
  43. Salitan L.R. Politics and Nationality in Contemporary Soviet-Jewish Emigration. 1968–1989. London: St. Martin`s Press, 1992.
  44. Seeger M. Parley on Soviet Jews ends on Upbeat // Los Angeles Times, February 20, 1976.
  45. Shames L. For many soviet artists in exile, these are lean times // The New York Times, October 3, 1982.
  46. Shindler C. Exit Visa. Détente, human rights and the Jewish emigration movement in the USSR. London: Bachman and Turner Publ., 1978.
  47. Schroeter L. The Last Exodus. New York: Universe Book Publ., 1974.
  48. Shuster A. US speeding entry of Soviet Jews in Italy // The New York Times, January 30, 1979.
  49. Siegel B. A Jew`s plight: from Russia with fear // Los Angeles Times, March 31, 1977.
  50. Stammer L. Soviet Jews find L. A. frustrating, challenging // Los Angeles Times, June 28, 1981.
  51. Stein L. The hope fulfilled: The rise of modern Israel. New York: Greenwood Press, 2003.
  52. Torgerson D. Immigration patterns changing for Israelis // Los Angeles Times, December 13, 1976.
  53. Yuenger J. Conference on Soviet Jews ends; future looks cloudy // The Chicago Tribune (February 22, 1976).

Copyright (c) 2019 Antoshin A.V., Strovsky D.L.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies