In general, references should contain the author name, publication date, title, and publication information. Include the issue number if the journal is paginated by issue.

 List of references. The list of references should be numbered-each source should be placed on a new line under an ordinal number. The numbering of references to sources in the list of references should correspond to the references in the text of the article, where they should be given in square brackets in Arabic numerals. In the list of references, all works are listed in the order of citation, not in alphabetical order. The list of references contains only published materials (links to Internet resources are allowed). Self-citation should be avoided, except when it seems necessary (for example, if there are no other sources of information, or this work is based on or in continuation of the cited studies). Self-citation should preferably be limited to 3 links. 

References. An additional list of references in the Roman alphabet (References) must be provided to ensure that the published works meet the requirements of international databases. The list of sources in References should fully correspond to that in the List of References. In contrast to the List of References, Russian-language sources in References should be given in their Latin-language equivalent - they must be written in the Roman alphabet: those original Russian-language sources (and their parts) that have an official translation into English (or another language that uses the Roman alphabet) should be given in the translation; those sources (or those parts of the bibliographic description) for which the translation does not exist should be translated into English (paraphrase). All sources in References should be designed in the style of APA 6th edition. For information obtained electronically or online include the DOI:

DOI - a unique alphanumeric string assigned to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the electronic journal article near the copyright notice. When a DOI is used in your citation, no other retrieval information is needed. Use this format for the DOI in references: doi: xx.xxxxx/хххххххххххх

If no DOI has been assigned to the content, provide the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher. Do not insert a hyphen if you need to break a URL across lines; do not add a period after a URL, to prevent the impression that the period is part of the URL.

In general, it is not necessary to include database information. Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material has changed over time.


  • Karaulov, Yu.N. (2019). Russian language and linguistic personality. Moscow: URSS. (In Russ.).

Chapter of a Book:

  • Lehnert, W.G. (1982). Plot units: a narrative summarization strategy In Strategies for natural language processing, Lehnert W.G., Ringle M.H. (eds.). Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 375—412.
  • Ruzhitskii, I.V. (2014). What we do not understand in Dostoevsky In Dostoevsky’s word. Individual style and worldview. Moscow: LEKSRUS. pp. 184—191. (In Russ.)


Journal Article with DOI:

  • Nedopekina, E.M. (2021). Fashion Vocabulary: Borrowing, Adapting and Rethinking. RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 12(1), 105—120. doi:22363/2313-2299-2021-12-1-105-120.

Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available):

  • Chigasheva, M.A. (2016). Lexical-and-semantic microfield «MERKEL». RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 4, 74—81.

Online Newspaper Articles:

Book Reviews:

  • Krasina, E.A. (2020). Review on the Book: Kryukova O.P. Verbal-intellectual Activity in linguistic theory  and  teaching  practice  (Experimental study  of  cognitive  structures  of  language  acquisition  in  English  and  Russian):  [Electronic  resource]:    Text  electronic  data  (3.3  Mb). Moscow:  IIU  MGOU,  2019.  CD-ROM  opt.  disk.  Systemic  requirements:  Intel  Pentium  or  the analogues, 1 GGH; 512 Mbshort term memory; CD-ROM drive; Microsoft Windows XP SL 2 or the  next  ones;  Adobe  Reader 7.0  (or  the  analogues  to  read  pdf  files). RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics, 11(3), 596—603. doi: 10.22363/2313-2299-2020-11-3-596-603

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